Listening Unit 9
Before doing the listening tasks, here are some helpful new words and phrases for you.
New words/ Phrases:
Mất phương hướng
She felt shocked and totally disoriented.
Keith had returned from a short break away with his family and found himself feeling disorientated and unable to communicate.
Vibrant :
sôi động, gây ấn tượng
Here are 20 of the many reasons why London is one of the most culturally vibrant cities in the world.
Hong Kong is said to be one of the most vibrant and colourful cities in the world.
tóc đuôi ngựa
Rihanna shows off a very long new ponytail as she parties in New York.
She is distinguished from other characters by her white ponytail.
Refugee (s):
người tị nạn
After the end of the war in 1975, over two million refugees fled Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia.
The number of child refugees fleeing Syria's violence has now topped the 1 million mark.
Flee - Fled:
/fliː/ - /fled/
(v. Past)
di tản, rời khỏi
To escape the violence, more than 2 million Syrian refugees have fled the country to neighboring Jordan and Turkey.
More than 2.5 million people have fled the country because of violence in Syria.
Adapt to ST:
thích ứng với
By adapting to a foreign culture, you can overcome your culture shock and develop meaningful relationships with those around you, rather than feeling anxious.
Everyone goes through three similar stages when adapting to a new culture.
Ethnically diverse:
/ˈeθnɪkli daɪˈvɜːrs/
đa dạng dân tộc
What country is more ethnically diverse, the USA or Brazil?
Australia is one of the most ethnically diverse societies in the world today.
In search of work:
/sɜːrtʃ əv wɜːrk/
nhằm tìm kiềm việc làm
The EU should change its rules to prevent citizens from travelling to other member states in search of work.
The majority of Greeks have visited Albania in search of work.

You are going to listen to the recording and then answer the following questions.

Rearrange the stages of culture shock
Integration period
Honeymoon period
Transition period
According to the recording, what is the example of culture shock?
Which of the following is NOT a symptom of culture shock?
During the integration stage the person will:
When does reverse culture shock happen?
Which is NOT true about culture shock?

You are going to watch the video and then answer the questions from 7 to 9.

According to Sunny, what is NOT mentioned as the interesting things about living in Britain?
What does “Open Cities” mean?
What is the implied message of Mercy’s picture?

From question number 10 to question number 12, decide whether the statements are True (T) or False (F)

The first wave of immigrants arrived by ship from Jamaica in the 1940s. 
St Mary’s School in Cardiff in Wales is multicultural school. 
Derek’s family coming Cardiff for holiday from Zambia. 
Listen to the recording again with the tapescript.


Good morning class. Today I'd like to talk about culture shock. Now, many students think they know what culture shock is, but often they are confused by the real meaning of the term "culture shock". For example, I've heard students say, "I know what culture shock is. Culture shock is a kind of surprise that you get when you travel. You might be surprised by something such as cars with their lights on during the daytime. You might notice that Canadians take off their shoes in their houses or that they usually eat sandwiches for lunch."
Well, those aren't really examples of "culture shock". They are what I like to call "cross-cultural surprises". Actually, culture shock is quite different from a "cross-cultural surprise". Culture shock is the feeling of anxiousness and confusion caused when a person tries to adapt to a new environment. Culture shock also involves a physical and psychological reaction to a new environment. When you live in a new country, it is common to feel sad, lonely, or disoriented. You might feel very tired or you might have difficulty sleeping. You may have sore muscles and you might even lose your identity and wonder "who am I". All of these types of reactions can be signs that you are suffering from "culture shock".
Many people feel that culture shock has stages. The first stage is often called the "honeymoon period". Just like the holiday that newlyweds take after marriage, you might feel very happy and excited when you arrive in a new country. You look around and are amazed by all of the new things that you see. This happy period can last a short time or it may last for months or even years depending on the individual. Some students have said that they never had a honeymoon period. However, I think most people do have a honeymoon period.
The second stage of culture shock is often called the "transition period". During this period of time you may begin to feel frustrated. You may get angry or sad. Typically, people start to think about how easy life was at home. When you look around your new country, you can't believe how crazy people are. Why can't they just be like you? Why can't they speak your language? How can they live in this awful climate and eat that disgusting food? Everything starts to get on your nerves. If only you were at home.
Later, you will move on to the integration stages and you'll finally become comfortable with the new culture and the new environment. You'll come to accept that the new environment is different, but you'll start to understand that there are some good things as well as bad things about the culture. Things won't be so difficult for you then. In fact, you might actually start to prefer some parts of the new culture to parts of your own culture. Then, when you return home, you'll probably go through a whole new stage called "reverse culture shock". We'll talk about that tomorrow.
One thing to remember about culture shock is that people experience it in many different ways. Each person adapts to new environments differently and each stage of culture shock can last for varying periods of time. Before you travel to another country, it might be helpful to do some research on culture shock so that you will be mentally prepared for the emotional and physical reactions that you may have. As well, it may help you to understand the behavior of the other travelers around you. Now, please open your book to chapter 13 and read the group questions entitled "Culture Shock Stages"...
Watch the video again with the transcript


This is Southall Broadway in West London. This area has one of the largest Asian populations in London. The United Kingdom is an ethnically diverse country with many different communities that reflects the multicultural nature of Britain. Many British people’s families originally come from overseas. Over the centuries, people from around the world have come to live here.
The first significant wave of immigrants arrived by ship from Jamaica in 1948. The Notting Hill Carnival celebrates this Caribbean culture.
In the 1950s and 60s, Indian, Bangladeshi and Pakistani families made Britain their home. Asian Ugandan refugees fled here in the 1970s. Followed by Somalis in the 90s. And in recent years, Eastern European citizens have arrived in search of work.

This cultural variety makes Britain a vibrant place to be, but it’s not without its problems. Conflicts can arise between cultures and generations. Young people whose parents or grandparents settled here have a very different experience of growing up to their parents.
Sunny Grewel and his father Avinda live in Southall. Avinda came here from Kenya in the 70’s. Sunny was born here.
Avinda, what was life like when you first came here?
It was hard. There was no jobs for, for people like us.
And what’s life like now, for young people, Sunny?
I think we’re very much a part of the communities and government and everything, so it’s a lot more equal for everyone.
What are the main arguments between the younger and older generations?
When they were small, I wouldn’t let him wear these earrings and have a long ponytail. They have to look smart.
And what’s the best thing about living here, Sunny?
The food, the different cultures that come in and bring their spices, their experiences and even their rituals, so you get a taste of the world within this small community.
In the past, differences between communities have led to violence. But new community-based projects have brought different generations and cultures together.
Here at St Mary’s School in Cardiff in Wales, more than 20 languages are spoken. It’s one of the most multicultural schools in Wales. The school was involved with a project called 'Open Cities'. It helps migrants, people from other countries, become part of the community. The school children took pictures of people and places to show what it's like to live in Cardiff.
Some of the kids are featured in an exhibition called Open Cities Faces.
Mercy and Joy and their father Derek are originally from Zambia. They have lived here for six years.
Derek, tell me why you came to Cardiff and why you took part in this project.
I am an Engineering Consultant. I came to Cardiff because I was offered a job here. This project was a good thing because it was trying to show something positive about migration and integration.
Why is Mercy photographed by a window?
Because the photographer wanted to find a way to show the hopes for our future – the better life that we look towards.
But there’s a lot of shadow in that photograph, as well.
Yes, the shadow is deliberate to try to show our past, where we’ve come from.
And do you consider Cardiff to be your home now?
Yes. We are part of the local community, we have settled down and we think Cardiff is great.
Projects like ‘Open Cities’ can bring people in the community together and give young people hope for the future.
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