Listening Unit 8
Before doing the listening tasks, here are some helpful new words and phrases for you.
New words/ Phrases:
Vết bỏng - Làm bỏng (n)
I am always afraid of the big knives, the fires and the burns.
I got one bad burn from pork fat, and I burned my left hand.
Blister :
Vết bỏng rộp, chỗ rộp da, chỗ phồng da
A small burn often just gives you small blister.
After wearing these shoes all day, I got a terrible blister on my heels.
Vết sẹo
This burn will leave a big scar on your face.
I put some vitamin E on the scar but it hasn’t healed yet.
Take off sth:
/teɪk ɔːf/
Xóa mờ, cởi bỏ (quần áo, mũ, giầy…)
These stains will be easily taken off by putting a little vinegar on them.
The chef asked him to take off the apron and get out of the kitchen immediately.
Spill sth on sth:
Đổ cái gì lên cái gì
She spilled all the ketchup on the table cloth.
The waitress apologised to me for having spilled soup on my shoes.

You're going to hear an interview between a reporter and a chef about how to work safely in the kitchen. Listen carefully and answer the questions from 1 to 5.

According to Sarah, what is important about the chef's jacket?
What does Sarah use for a burn?
How many times has she cut herself when cooking?
What does Sarah do to avoid being cut when using a knife?
According to the interview, what is NOT mentioned as the way Sarah does to avoid slips and falls?

You are going to watch an inspection of the underground. Watch the video carefully, then answer the questions from 6 to 12.

What is the tag board used for?
Which personal protective equipments are NOT required for worker to the task at hand?
According to the video, what should an operator do when he finds a faulty piece of equipment?
When the inspector does pre-start, what does he often check?

Question 10 to Question 12: Decide if these statements are TRUE (T) or FALSE (F).

Employers need to show the inspector records of diesel emission testing without maintenance records. 
Equipment underground is pre-checked prior to use surely and has also been maintained to the Ontario standards. 
The hazards of mining can be eliminated if workers follow proper procedures. 
Listen to the recording again with the tapescript.
Now, Sarah, we're talking about working in the kitchen. I used to be a waiter. And whenever I helped out in the kitchen, I was always afraid of the big knives and the fires and the burns, so can you talk a little about safety and maybe about some injuries you had while working in the kitchen?
Yeah, actually that's really important. First there's the uniform. You have to cover as much of your skin as you can to avoid burns and if you have a special chef jacket, it must be all cotton so if you get something hot on it, it will still be safe, and it can be quickly taken off, so if you spill something very hot on your clothes, you actually remove the top layer and then you have something underneath, so you can avoid the hot thing being on your skin.
Well, have you ever been burned, and when you are burned what do you do to your skin to make the burn go away?
Yeah, I've only ever had one bad burn. It was from pork fat and I burned my arm. I had a horrible blister afterwards, but you have to be careful not to touch the burn or break it. You should of course immediately put in under cold water and then afterwards I use vitamin E oil and that was really good, actually. I don't have a scar because I used that and the skin healed really well.
What about cuts? I imagine you must have a million cuts from all those big sharp knives. What do you do for that?
Actually, I've never, never cut myself. Never, never. No! Because I have been taught how to keep all my fingers out away from the knife and I always have the knife in contact with my hand so I don't need to look at it when I cut. I can feel where the knife is. And no, I've never cut myself.
That's pretty impressive. Wow! OK, now, last thing. I guess the only danger I would see in the kitchen is just slipping and falling. The floor is always wet and greasy or whatever. What do you do about that?
You wear really, really heavy boots. I had a huge pair of boots, and of course we clean the floors really carefully. At the end of every shift, you get rid of as much grease as possible and we use non-slip mats, so that helps.
Cool. Thanks for the safety tips, Sarah. Thanks.
Watch the video again with the transcript
I'm Patrick Vaillancourt, Occupational Health & Safety Inspector with the Ministry of Labour, Mining Division, in Timmins, Northern Ontario. We are at Xstrata Copper, at the Kidd Creek Mine in Timmins, Ontario.
We're here today for an inspection of the underground; specifically we're going to be looking at mobile equipment.
Security Guard:
"How are you?
"Good thank you. Ministry of Labour. I'm here for a site inspection. I'd like to see the Mucking Superintendent, please, and the Worker Rep."

When I arrive at the mine, I ask for management representation as well as somebody from the Joint Health and Safety Committee. When we're ready to go underground, we dress in mining gear, get the proper safety equipment and proceed to tag in.
"Okay, we'll see how many we have."
The tag board is used, primarily to identify which workers are underground and where they can be located in the event of an emergency.
Once we tag in, we get to a cage or a form of transportation to get underground and we proceed with the visit.
When I encounter workers underground, I ensure that they are trained to the Ontario Common Core and to the equipment they are operating.
Workers are required to wear personal protective equipment appropriate to the task at hand - a hard hat, safety glasses, steel toe boots, coveralls with reflective striping and gloves.
When I encounter equipment underground, I ensure the equipment has been pre-checked prior to use and that the equipment has also been maintained to the Ontario standards.
"I'm a mining inspector. I'm here to do an inspection of mobile equipment. Have you done your pre-start yet?"
"I'm just about to."
"Perfect. Do you mind if we tag along and watch you do what you're doing and you can explain to me what you're looking for?"
Today we'll be looking at a LHD, Load Haul Dump, which is commonly known as a scoop tram.
When we're doing our pre-start, we're ensuring that the equipment we're using is functional as required including the brakes, the lights, the steering, the alarms and horns, that the tires are in good order and ready to use.
"I'm looking at my drive line to make sure the bolts are all nice and tight."
"Okay so now I'm looking at my hansel system."
"We look for any type of dents, any type of wear."
Making sure that the fire extinguishers were inspected and ready to be used in case of an emergency, we ensure that the equipment has wheel chocks, for parking, and make sure that the operator is trained to use the equipment he is on.
"Now I'm going to check my motor mounts."
"The motor mounts look fine."

Pre-start is done prior to operating the machine and they also do a post-start, once he's started the machine and it is operational.
"I'm going to check my oil."
Should an operator find a piece of equipment to be faulty, he has to tag it down and call a mechanic to have it repaired. Machines are not to be used in a defective state. During my inspection, I ensure that all diesel equipment meets required legislation and inspections are done on a routine basis.
The operators must know how much air is available to use and how much air their equipment uses.
Emissions from diesel-powered equipment must be monitored to maintain safe air quality.
Muck piles must be washed down prior to scooping to control dust.
Employers must provide records of diesel emission testing as well as maintenance records.
When I'm doing an inspection, I ensure that ventilation is up to standards. I ensure that there's no rips in the vent tubing, the fans are on where they're supposed to be on, and the appropriate amount of air is supplied for the equipment being used on the levels.
I request training transcripts...
"I'd like to get a copy of his training records just to review them? …and we're just going to review the emissions testing and the latest maintenance done to the unit." well as maintenance documents of all the vehicles we encounter.
Mining is not a hazardous job. It is a job with hazards. And with proper procedures, these hazards can be eliminated.
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