Reading

Reading Unit 2
Reading Comprehension
The 36-year-old bachelor ate his usual lunch at home. He had an apple, a ham sandwich with a sliced cucumber, a bowl of chicken noodle soup with a couple of crackers, and a small candy bar, all washed down with an big glass of milk. After he finished breakfast, Ed put everything in the sink, poured a little dishwashing soap onto a pad, and scrubbed the soup bowl, the sandwich plate, and the milk glass. Then he switched on the garbage disposal to grind up the few bits of food that he had scraped off his plate. He left the kitchen to go brush his teeth. But he felt something wet on his bare foot. Sure enough, he looked down and saw some water on the kitchen carpet. "What is this?" he said aloud. Opening the cabinet door under the sink, he saw no dripping water. He went to the closet and got a flashlight. When he shined the light into the cabinet under the sink, he saw drops of water on the sides of the dark blue steel cylinder. It looked like he had a leaky garbage disposal. To test his theory, he turned on the switch, and a stream of water flowed out of a seam onto the cabinet floor and then onto the kitchen carpet. Ed had a problem, but he didn't have time to fix it now. He had to run some errands. He put some tape over the switch so he couldn't accidentally turn the disposal on again. Ed came home from his errands and put the groceries into the cupboard and the refrigerator. He grabbed a flathead screwdriver and a pair of pliers from his toolbox. In the kitchen, he got down on his hands and knees and turned on the flashlight. After a couple of minutes of looking, he decided what to do. He had never opened up a disposal before, but there is a first time for everything. The cylindrical disposal was about 7 inches in diameter and had a horizontal seam dividing the top half from the bottom half. The halves were held together by three screws. Ed jiggled the bottom half of the disposal; it was loose because two of the three screws were corroded. Only one screw was still doing its duty.Ed unscrewed it. The bottom half of the disposal was now lying on the cabinet floor. Ed thought for sure that it would be full of months-old food, but there was no food, only a hardened, torn, useless gasket. The next day Ed went to the hardware store to buy some screws and a new gasket. The employee told him that they did not carry those gaskets and suggested that he write to the manufacturer. Ed returned home. He created his own gasket by using gasket sealant that comes in a tube. The next day he turned on the water and switched on the disposal. When he saw the water pouring out of the seam, Ed knew one thing: it was time to buy a new disposal. The good thing was that new disposals started at $79. The bad thing was that it would have to be installed by a plumber. Plumber rates started at about $80 an hour. Ed decided that since the disposal used a lot of energy and the world needed to use less energy, from now on he would put his scraps into the kitchen garbage bag. He reminded himself to tell everyone at work tomorrow about how he was now helping to solve the world's energy problems.
Questions: Choose the best answer for the following questions
1
What can be inferred from the passage?
2
How were two parts of the disposal held together?
3
The word “corroded”. is closest in meaning to:
4
Which statement is not True?
5
What was mentioned about his new gasket?
6
How much would it cost him to have a new disposal installed?
New words
Bachelor
/'bætʃələr/
(n.)
Người độc thân
The 36-year-old bachelor ate his usual lunch at home.
She wasn’t sure that she wanted to give up her bachelor girl life.
Grind
/graɪnd/
(v.)
Xay, tán, nghiền
He switched on the garbage disposal to grind up the few bits of food.
The animal has teeth that grind its food into a pulp.
Scrape
/skreɪp/
(v.)
Cạo, gọt, gạt, vét
He scraped food off his plate.
When she came home, she scraped the mud off her boots.
Scrub
/skrʌb/
(v.)
Lau, chùi, cọ
After he finished breakfast, Ed put everything in the sink, poured a little dishwashing soap onto a pad, and scrubbed the soup bowl, the sandwich plate, and the milk glass.
I found him in the kitchen scrubbing the floor.
Garbage disposal
/ˈgɑːrbɪdʒ dɪˈspoʊzl/
(compound n.)
Máy xử lý rác thải
It looked like he had a leaky garbage disposal.
Dishwasher drain water runs through the garbage disposal so that any particles are chewed up and drained away.
Corrode
/kəˈroʊd/
(v.)
Ăn mòn
It was loose because two of the three screws were corroded.
The copper pipe work has corroded in some places.
Gasket
/ˈgæskɪt/
(n.)
Đệm lót, miếng đệm, vòng đệm
Ed thought for sure that it would be full of months-old food, but there was no food, only a hardened, torn, useless gasket.
A refrigerator gasket is a flexible elastic strip attached to the outer edge of a refrigerator or freezer compartment.
Jiggle
/dʒɪɡl/
(v.)
Lắc, vặn
Ed jiggled the bottom half of the disposal.
He stood jiggling his car keys in his hand.
Run (some) errands
/ˈerənd/
Làm những việc lặt vặt
Ed had a problem, but he didn't have time to fix it now. He had to run some errands.
He often runs errands for his grandmother.
Remind sb to do smt
Nhắc ai đó làm việc gì
He reminded himself to tell everyone at work tomorrow about how he was now helping to solve the world's energy problems.
Remind me to phone Jimmy before I go out.
Practice

Question 1

Match the words on the right column with their definitions on the left one
1
1
Grind
2
Scrape
3
Scrub
4
Jiggle
to clean something by rubbing it hard
to remove something from a surface
to break something into very small pieces
to move something from side to side

Question 2 – Question 6

Choose the correct word to fill in the blank
2
……………. party is usually arranged by groom’s male family members or future groomsmen, ostensibly to celebrate the groom’s last days of freedom as a single man.
3
Mrs. Johnson …………………. her son to buy a flathead screwdriver and a pair of pliers.
4
Mary’s got to ……………. a few errands and then stop by her mother's house.
5
White vinegar can ………………. and dissolve some minerals and certain fabrics made of acetate.
6
Indispensable in the modern kitchen, a ………………………… helps make food preparation and cleanup easy and fast.
Translation
The 36-year-old bachelor ate his usual lunch at home. He had an apple, a ham sandwich with a sliced cucumber, a bowl of chicken noodle soup with a couple of crackers, and a small candy bar, all washed down with an big glass of milk. After he finished breakfast, Ed put everything in the sink, poured a little dishwashing soap onto a pad, and scrubbed the soup bowl, the sandwich plate, and the milk glass. Then he switched on the garbage disposal to grind up the few bits of food that he had scraped off his plate. He left the kitchen to go brush his teeth, but he felt something wet on his bare foot. Sure enough, he looked down and saw some water on the kitchen carpet. "What is this?" he said aloud. Opening the cabinet door under the sink, he saw no dripping water. He went to the closet and got a flashlight. When he shined the light into the cabinet under the sink, he saw drops of water on the sides of the dark blue steel cylinder. It looked like he had a leaky garbage disposal. To test his theory, he turned on the switch, and a stream of water flowed out of a seam onto the cabinet floor and then onto the kitchen carpet. Ed had a problem, but he didn't have time to fix it now. He had to run some errands. He put some tape over the switch so he couldn't accidentally turn the disposal on again.Ed came home from his errands and put the groceries into the refrigerator. He grabbed a flathead screwdriver and a pair of pliers from his toolbox. In the kitchen, he got down on his hands and knees and turned on the flashlight. After a couple of minutes of looking, he decided what to do. He had never opened up a disposal before, but there is a first time for everything.The cylindrical disposal was about 7 inches in diameter and had a horizontal seam dividing the top half from the bottom half. The halves were held together by three screws. Ed jiggled the bottom half of the disposal; it was loose because two of the three screws were corroded. Only one screw was still doing its duty. Ed unscrewed it.The bottom half of the disposal was now lying on the cabinet floor. Ed thought for sure that it would be full of months-old food, but there was no food, only a hardened, torn, useless gasket. The next day Ed went to the hardware store to buy some screws and a new gasket. The employee told him that they did not carry those gaskets and suggested that he write to the manufacturer. Ed returned home. He created his own gasket by using gasket sealant that comes in a tube.The next day he turned on the water and switched on the disposal. When he saw the water pouring out of the seam, Ed knew one thing: it was time to buy a new disposal. The good thing was that new disposals started at $79. The bad thing was that it would have to be installed by a plumber. Plumber rates started at about $80 an hour. Ed decided that since the disposal used a lot of energy and the world needed to use less energy, from now on he would put his scraps into the kitchen garbage bag. He reminded himself to tell everyone at work tomorrow about how he was now helping to solve the world's energy problems.
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