Listening - Unit 2
Before doing the tasks, here are some helpful new words and phrases for you.
New words
Stop by
Ghé qua thăm
I'll stop by this evening for a chat.
Could you stop by the store on the way home for some bread?
Cut back (on smt)
Cắt giảm cái gì đó
If we don't sell more, we'll have to cut back production.
You are all going to have to cut back on water usage.
Dùng tạm
There isn't much equipment. We're going to have to improvise.
We improvised some shelves out of planks of wood and bricks.
Kính cửa sổ
Rain was beating against the windowpanes.
A broken windowpane not only allows the weather into your home, it is also a security hazard.
Xả nước
Flush toilets were first used in parts of India and Pakistan about 2,700 years ago.
We tried flushing a few times and now there is no water whatsoever in the tank.
Fill valve
/fɪl vælv/
Van nạp
The fill valve is working properly and prevented additional water loss from the leak.
When we do flush the toilet, the water simply drains out of the tank and we do not hear the fill valve working at all.
Flush valve
/flʌʃ vælv/
Van xả nước
The flush valve releases the water stored in the tank, closes the flow of water into the toilet and allows the tank to refill for the next use. A broken flush valve prevents your toilet tank from forming a seal to hold water in the tank.
The water level in the tank is controlled by an adjustable float. A float that’s set too low produces a weak flush; if it’s set too high, water spills into the overflow tube and the fill valve won’t shut off.
Màng chắn
To fix the leak, first ensure that the chain is not tangled or the flapper is not stuck open. If you hear your tank leaking, first try replacing the flapper.
Tank lever
/tæŋk ˈlevər/
Cần gạt nước
An old toilet tank lever could be worn out from years of use and cause flushing problems. Replacing it with a universal tank lever will cut down on costs and provide a durable solution for several years.
Wax ring
/wæks rɪŋ/
Vòng sáp
The wax ring is the unsung hero of your toilet. It keeps sewer gases out of your bathroom and prevents flushed water and waste from leaking out from under the toilet.
Mặt bích
A flange isn't easy to replace, but fortunately it seldom needs replacement. You can buy repair plates that fix breaks in the ring, repair rings that cover the entire flange and push-in replacement flanges that fit inside existing ones.

You're going to hear a conversation between David and Tom. Listen to the recording and answer question 1 to question 5.

Why does David need a roommate to share his house?
What is wrong with the carpet in the living room?
What has David done to fix temporarily the refrigerator door?
Which problem is true of the bathroom?
What does Tom probably do at the end of the conversation?
You're going to watch a video about some toilet common issues. Watch the video and answer question 6 to question 10.
What is True about the newer toilets?
How many main parts are there in a toilet?
Arrange the steps of trick that help narrow down the leak’s from the base
Flush and wait about an hour
Pour a teaspoon of red food coloring into the tank
Wipe a dry paper towel all around the base
Flush the toilet
Dry all the exterior surfaces
What can cause the ghost flushing?
Arrange the steps to replace a flapper
Flush the toilet
Take the new flapper and line it up with the valve seat
Pull the flapper from the pivot arm
Shut off the water supply
Listen to the recording again with the tapescript.
Hi Tom. Come in.
Uh, yeah, I stop by to see if you are still looking for a roommate to share your house.
Yeap. I still am. Ever since I cut back on my working hours to go to school, I've been really strapped for cash.
Hey, let me show you the place. Uh, here's the living room.
Oh. It looks like you could use a new carpet . . . and those stains?
Well. I've had a few problems with some former roommates. I know it needs to be cleaned, but I just don't have the money to do it right now.
Oh. And what about the kitchen?
Right this way. Look. It's completely furnished with all the latest appliances, except . . .
Well, the refrigerator door is broken . . . a little bit . . . and it won't shut all the way. It needs fixing, but don't worry. I've just improvised by pushing a box against it to keep it shut.
Hmm. Ok.
Ah. It isn't that bad.
Well how about the bathroom?
Well . . .
No, no. Don't tell me. The toilet is clogged or the sink has a few leaks.
No, those work fine, but, uh, the tile of shower needs to be replaced, and the window needs fixing.
Let me see. The tile . . . what? The window? Where's the windowpane?
Well, that's another slight problem. I've put up a piece of cardboard to keep out the rain and snow, and if it gets a little cold, you can always turn up the heat. Well, you used to until the central heating went out.
Hey, I think I've seen enough. I can't believe you've survived under these conditions.
So what do you think? You really can't beat a place like this for $450 a month. So it has a few problems, but we can fix those.
Uh, no thank you. I think I've seen enough.
Watch the video again with the transcript
If you’re having trouble with your toilet, your first instinct might be to call a plumber but many toilet problems are easy to diagnose and fix yourself with products and knowhow from a home depot. Over the next few minutes, we’ll show you solutions to some common issues that you may be having; a leaking toilet, a constantly running toilet or a clogged toilet and how fixing those can save you money. Before we start, it’s good to know how old your toilet is. If it was installed before 1994, it probably uses 3.5 gallons per flush. If it is newer, it probably uses only 1.6 gallons per flush or even 1.28 if it is WaterSense certified. These newer toilets can cut down on your water bills and be less troublesome. So you may want to consider an upgrade if you have an older model. Now let’s take a look at the two main parts of a toilet. First, we have the fill valve. The fill valve sits in the tank and fills it water. It also sends water to the bowl through the refill tube. Different toilet models may use either a float-cup or a float ball system. So be sure to check before heading to the Home Depot for parts. The second main part is the flush which is made up of the flush valve, flapper and tank lever. As you can see, the flapper is connected to the tank lever and sits on the flash valve. When you flush, the flapper lifts up to release water to the bowl and remove the contents. Now that you know the basics, we’ll look at some of the problems you may be having. If you think your toilet may be leaking, you’ll need to be sure. If it is coming from the base, it can be hidden from view and cause significant damage to your floor. Here is a neat trick that will help narrow down where the leak is. First, flush the toilet and dry all the exterior surfaces to make it easier to spot the leak. Next, pour about a teaspoon of red food coloring into the tank. Flush and wait about an hour. Wipe a dry paper towel all around the base. If there is a leak in this area, the red coloring will show up. If it is around the base, you will probably need to replace the wax ring or flange. These are inexpensive and can be found at your local home depot. For information on how to install them, watch our ‘Replacing a Toilet’ video right here at If the leak is not at the base, you can still use the same trick with the food coloring but this time, don’t flush. You may notice the food coloring has made its way into the bowl. This means, there is a leak between the flapper and the flush valve drain seat and it can cause what is known as ghost flushing. It occurs when the toilet fill valve turns on to replace water in the tank, even though no one has flushed it. This is usually the result of a deteriorated or warped flapper. If you notice your flapper needs replacing frequently, it may be because you’re using in tank, drop-in ball cleaners with bleach that can rapidly age parts of the tank. Try switching to a regular in-bowl cleaner instead. To replace your flapper; first, shut off the water supply and flush your toilet. Pull the flapper from your pivot arm. Then take your new flapper and line it up with the valve seat. If replacing the flapper does not stop the leak, your drain sit could be corroded. This prevents it from creating a seal when closed, allowing a leak that lowers the tanks water level. A simple fix for this is a flush valve repair kit or an entirely new flush valve.
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