Listening

Listening Unit 12
Before doing the listening tasks, here are some helpful new words and phrases for you.
New words:
Migrant:
/ˈmaɪɡrənt/
(n.)
Người di trú
Emigrant:
/ˈemɪɡrənt/
(n.)
Di dân, dân di cư
The country has a large seasonal migrant population, who work on the coffee and cotton plantations for part of the year.
Further problems arose with the use of the children of Italian emigrants in the national team.
Immigrant:
/ɪmɪɡrənt/
(n.)
Người nhập cư
Immigration:
/ˌɪmɪˈɡreɪʃn/
(n.)
Sự nhập cư
In 1991, only 7 % of Ethiopian immigrants received their high school matriculation certificates.
What we have experienced in this country is uncontrolled immigration with very few checks on who is coming in.
Symptomatic:
/ˌsɪmptəˈmætɪk/
(adj.)
Có triệu chứng
These births were highly symptomatic of what had happened in Spain in the preceding years.
These disagreements are symptomatic of the tensions within the party.
Accession:
/ækˈseʃn/
(n.)
Sự gia nhập, sự tham gia
Romanian formed the largest group, mainly as a result of a spectacular growth in their numbers following Romania’s accession to the EU.
I personally would like to take this opportunity to welcome this concurrent accession of the ROC and the PRC.
Dictatorship:
/ˌdɪkˈtərʃɪp/
(n.)
Chế độ độc tài, nền chuyên chính
Our small country is more threatened today than ever by the superpower now seeking to impose a fascist dictatorship on a global scale.
A better way to oppose dictatorship is for people to make revolution against it and every other aspect of capitalism.
Downturn:
/ˈdaʊntɜːrn/
(n.)
Sự suy thoái
Retail has suffered a downturn in recent years, with some big names falling to the wayside.
The greatest threat is an economic downturn in any industry sector where we operate.
To take measures to do smt:
Có biện pháp làm gì đó
The Spanish authorities took measures to slow the numbers of migrants arriving.
We must take preventive measures to reduce crime in the area.
To come into force:
Bắt đầu có hiệu lực
They hope that the new legislation will come into force before the end of the year.
When do the new regulations come into force?
To make impact on sb / smt:
Có ảnh hưởng đến ai đó / cái gì đó
There was little evidence that immigrants had made much impact on political life in the country.
Her speech made a profound impact on everyone.
Practice

You are going to listen to an address about immigration at a meeting of European Union officials and then answer the questions from 1 to 8.


From Question 1 to 4: Choose the correct answers for the following questions

1
According to the speaker, how long had Eulalie’s parents who emigrated from Uruguay lived in Barcelona?
2
How many children of immigrants were born in Barcelona on January 1st?
3
What per cent of foreigners lived in Spain between 2000 and 2008?
4
When did the Law of Historic Memory come into effect?

From Question 5 to 8: Decide whether these statements are TRUE (T) or FALSE (F)


5
Moroccans are the largest group who immigrated in Barcelona in 2007. 
6
There were a lot of members of the Spanish Congress or Senate from immigrant comminutes. 
7
The Law of Historic Memory allows descendants of Spanish emigrants and exiles the right to become Spanish citizens, especially people from Latin-American countries. 
8
Racism also appeared to be on the increase between Spanish and immigrants. 
Video

You are going to watch a video about the fight against domestic violence in Portland and decide whether the statements from 9 to 14 are TRUE (T) or FALSE (F).


9
Domestic violence data in Lewiston have changed much in the last five years. 
10
John Michael Roods is the domestic violence coordinator for the city’s police department. 
11
Anti-domestic violence massage has been focused on junior high school students. 
12
The number of calls for domestic violence has remained about fourteen per cent of total calls for service. 
13
Battle against domestic violence now is a battle of men. 
14
October is considered as domestic violence awareness month. 
Listen to the recording again with the tapescript.


Good morning and welcome to this meeting of the European Immigration Forum.
Let me begin with a little story. On January 1st 2009, at one minute past midnight, in a hospital in Barcelona, a baby was born – the first baby to be born in the region of Catalonia, and indeed in the whole of Spain, that year. Her parents had decided to call her Eulalie, the name of the patron saint of Barcelona. But the baby’s parents were not originally from Barcelona – They were from Uruguayan immigrants who had lived there for just four years. They chose the name in honor of the city that had welcomed them so warmly in that time. But Eulalie wasn’t alone. Three other children were born in Catalonia on January 1st – all of them sons and daughters of immigrants. These births were highly symptomatic – a direct result – of what had happened in Spain in the preceding years.
My colleagues and I have been looking closely at the phenomenon of immigration to Spain in the early years of the new millennium, specifically from 2000 to 2008, and this afternoon I am going to present some of our findings.
At the risk of overloading you with statistic, I’ll start with some of the key data. As you can see on the slide here, between 2000 and 2008, the population of Spain grew from 40.29 million to 46.5 million. Most of this increase was down to immigration. Appropriately 8 out of every 10 new Spanish citizens were born outside Spain, and the total number of foreigners was roughly 5.2 million, about 11 percent of the population.
Romanian formed the largest group, mainly as a result of a spectacular growth in their numbers following Romania’s accession to the EU in 2007. This meant they’d overtaken Moroccans, who became the second biggest group. Although, as the credit crunch of 2008 started to bite, the Spanish authorities took measures to slow the numbers of migrants arriving; these were forces pulling in the opposite direction. One of these was the Law of Historic Memory, which came into force in December 2008. This law gave descendants of Spanish emigrants and exiles the right to become Spanish citizens, It offered large numbers of people in Latin-American countries such as Argentina, Chile, Mexico, Venezuela and Cuba, the grandchildren of those who fled Spain in the 1930s, during the Civil War or during the dictatorship that followed, the opportunity to claim Spanish citizenship. I happened to be in Cuba on the day the law was enacted, and there were queues of people sleeping rough outside the Spanish Consulate in Havana to get the application forms for their Spanish passports. Estimates suggested that this law would add somewhere between 500.000 and 1 million people to the Spanish population – so between a 1 and 2 percent increase.
During the period we investigated, however, there was little evidence that, in spite of the increase in their numbers, immigrants had made much impact on political life in the country. There were no members of the Spanish congress or Senate from immigrant comminutes. There was, nevertheless, a feeling that things would change, largely as a result of the election of Barrack Obama as US president.
We also found a strong correction between economic circumstances and people’s perceptions of immigration. The downturn in 2008 led to an increase in those who thought immigrants benefited their own countries more than their host countries – for example, through funds sent home – and racism also appeared to be on the increase...
Watch the video again with the transcript

The fight against domestic violence continues to be a big battle here in Maine. Today, dozens of men gathered in Portland to speak out against domestic violence. We wanted to know if any of this is making a difference. W-m-t-w news eight's Paul Merrill joins us live now to tell us what he's learned.
Intro we looked at data from the Lewiston police department. The numbers of domestic violence calls and arrests haven't changed much in the last five years but police that doesn't mean our state isn't making progress in its quest get rid of domestic violence altogether.
Men wrote down the reasons they came to Portland’s Lincoln Park today to speak out against domestic violence. For some, the issue is both emotional and personal. John Michael Roods talked publicly for the first time about growing up with an abusive father. John: "Unbelievable. I watched my father just tear our whole dining room apart with my mother in the middle of the whole mess and I was seven. I tried to stand between them but he never struck the kids. He never struck us but we felt every blow."
In Lewiston, police and others have been focusing their anti-domestic violence message on middle school students. Officer Desiree Michaud is the domestic violence coordinator for the city's police department.
Michaud: "I think young kids that are starting their relationships don't know exactly what to expect or accept in a relationship and knowing that before you start dating really can kind of prevent some of those issues from occurring."
Domestic violence data in Lewiston haven't changed much in the past five years. The number of calls for domestic violence has remained about four percent of the department's total calls for service. About twenty percent of those domestic violence calls result in arrests. Police say increased awareness also leads to increased reporting. The men at today's rally say the ongoing battle against domestic violence is a battle that all of violence is a battle that all of us need to fight. "My father would always say, 'she made me do It.' instantly jump up and say, 'no. You've got control on your own life. Stop it.'" tag you'll be hearing a lot more about this. October is domestic violence awareness month. Live in the newsroom, Paul Merrill, w-m-t-w.
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OK MAN
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Thank you!
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