Vocabulary

Social Issues
Chúng ta đang sống trong một xã hội phát triển từng ngày và đồng hành với guồng quay đó là những vấn nạn xã hội không thể thờ ơ. Bài học ngày hôm nay sẽ cập nhật những tư vựng liên quan đến những chủ đề nhức nhối, và là mối quan tâm của không chỉ riêng quốc gia nào như an sinh xã hội, tham nhũng hay chủ quyền lãnh thổ. với mỗi từ, các bạn hãy tự luyện tập bằng cách đặt thêm cho mình những ví dụ sinh động khác nữa nhé!
Chúc các bạn có một bài học thật lý thú và bổ ích!

New Words

I. Common Nouns/ Noun Phrases about Social Issues
Poverty:
/ˈpɑːvərti/
Cảnh nghèo đói
Today, more than 2.9 billion people – nearly half of the world’s population – is living in poverty.
Illiteracy:
/ɪˈlɪtərəsi/
Nạn mù chữ
According to the recent researches, illiteracy rates in African countries have fallen in recent years.
Unemployment:
/ˌʌnɪmˈplɔɪmənt/
Nạn/Tình trạng thất nghiệp
Unemployment is always an issue for some, but has become so for more people over the last two or three years due to the economic crisis.
Homelessness:
/ˈhoʊmləsnəs/
Tình trạng vô gia cư
The reasons for unemployment leading to homelessness are obvious; if people lose their jobs they may no longer be able to afford the mortgage or rent.
Prostitution:
/ˌprɑːstəˈtuːʃn/
Nạn mại dâm
Many women are forced into prostitution due to poverty and insufficient social knowledge.
Abortion:
/əˈbɔːrʃn/
Tình trạng nạo phá thai
Vietnam has approximately 300,000 teen abortion cases—60 to 70 percent of teenage students aged 15–19—constitutes the highest adolescent abortion rate in Southeast Asia and the fifth highest in the world.
Suicide:
/ˈsuːɪsaɪd/
Sự tự tử
Japan’s suicide rate is twice that of the United States; more than 30,000 people a year kill themselves in Japan.
Corruption:
/kəˈrʌpʃn/
Nạn tham nhũng
He strongly attacked corruption and favoritism in the government.
Smuggling:
/ˈsmʌɡlɪŋ/
Nạn buôn lậu
The murdered man is thought to have been involved in drug smuggling.
Bureaucracy:
/bjʊˈrɑːkrəsi/
Thói quan liêu
We need to reduce paperwork and bureaucracy in the company.
Tax evasion:
/tæks ɪˈveɪʒn/
Trốn thuế
Signs of tax evasion among many foreign-invested enterprises are clear: they have revenues rising year after year, they make continuous expansions and increase investments, they boost market shares, but they always report losses.
Brain drain:
/breɪn dreɪn/
Tình trạng chảy máu chất xám
There is growing concern of a brain drain in Vietnam, with statistics showing as many as 70 per cent of students who study overseas, don't return home after graduating.
Social welfare:
/ˈsoʊʃl ˈwelfer/
Phúc lợi xã hội
Viet Nam is expected to announce a ten-year social welfare strategy which is consistent with the country's socio-economic strategy.
Population aging:
/ˌpɑːpjuˈleɪʃn eɪdʒɪŋ/
Sự già hóa dân số
Population aging is widespread across the world, but it is most advanced in the most highly developed countries.
Same-sex marriage:
/seɪm seks ˈmærɪdʒ/
Hôn nhân đồng tính
Hundreds of thousands of protesters took to the streets of Paris on Sunday criticizing the French president's plan to legalize same-sex marriage.
Social inequality:
/ˈsoʊʃl ˌɪnɪˈkwɑːləti/
Bất bình đẳng xã hội
Poverty and social inequality have direct and indirect effects on, mental and physical well-being of an individual.
Civil rights:
/ˈsɪvl raɪts/
Quyền công dân
Civil rights include freedom, equality in law and in employment, and the right to vote.
Human rights:
/ˈhjuːmən raɪts/
Nhân quyền
She's claiming that her detention by the police was a violation of her human rights.
Juvenile Delinquency:
/ˈdʒuːvənl dɪˈlɪŋkwənsi/
Tội phạm vị thành niên
Many studies have found a strong correlation between a lack of parental supervision and juvenile delinquency, and it appears to be the most important family influence on juvenile offending.
Teen pregnancy:
/ˈtiːn ˈpreɡnənsi/
Mang thai vị thành niên
Teen pregnancy and childbearing bring substantial social and economic costs through immediate and long-term impacts on teen parents and their children.
Cohabitation:
/ˌkoʊˌhæbɪˈteɪʃn/
Sống thử
About 23% of men and women aged 25 to 34 told researchers they had previously cohabited with a partner without leading to marriage.
Child abuse:
/tʃaɪld əˈbjuːs/
Lạm dụng trẻ em
The first step in helping abused or neglected children is learning to recognize the signs of child abuse and neglect.
Domestic Violence:
/dəˈmestɪk ˈvaɪələns/
Bạo lực gia đình
Poverty, cultural factors, anger, stress, and depression often are thought to cause domestic violence.
Racism:
/ˈreɪsɪzəm/
Nạn phân biệt chủng tộc
One important feature of racism, especially toward Blacks and immigrant groups, is clear in attitudes regarding slaves and slavery.
Malnutrition:
/ˌmælnuːˈtrɪʃn/
Tình trạng suy dinh dưỡng
It has been estimated that every minute eight under-five children in Africa die from malnutrition.
Terrorism:
/ˈterərɪzəm/
Hiểm họa khủng bố
The United States has had significant successes in combating the terrorism threat, most visibly with the May 2, 2011, death of Al-Qaeda leader Usama Bin Ladin.
National sovereignty:
/ˈnæʃnəl ˈsɑːvrənti/
Chủ quyền quốc gia
Foreign Ministry spokesperson Luong Thanh Nghi said “The Chinese act has violated Vietnam’s national sovereignty over the Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) archipelagoes, and its jurisdiction rights to related territorial waters in the East Sea.”
Food security:
/fuːd səˈkjʊrəti/
An ninh lương thực
Genetically modified (GM) crops will help Viet Nam achieve food security in the years to come when the demand for food rises further.
Human trafficking:
/ˈhjuːmən ˈtræfɪkɪŋ/
Nạn buôn người
Each year about 17,500 individuals are brought into the United States and held against their will as victims of human trafficking.
Nuclear Proliferation:
/ˈnuːkliər prəˌlɪfəˈreɪʃn/
Phổ biến vũ khí hạt nhân
The world pulled itself together and established a nuclear proliferation treaty, originally signed in 1968 and coming into effect in 1970.
II. Common Verbs/ Verb Phrases about Social Issues
To have an effect / impact on/upon:
/ɪˈfekt/ /ˈɪmpækt/
Ảnh hưởng/ Tác động đối với điều gì
Internet shopping has begun to have a serious effect/impact on the traditional bookshops.
To tackle sth:
/ˈtækl/
Giải quyết
Successive governments have failed to tackle the question of homelessness.
To blame (sb) for sth:
/bleɪm/
Đổ lỗi cho ai đó về vấn đề gì
The government has been widely blamed for the economic crisis.
To argue with sb about sth:
/ˈɑːrɡjuː/
Tranh luận với ai đó về vấn đề gì
The board of directors is still arguing over the details of the contract.
To protest against:
/'prəʊtest əˈɡeɪnst/
Phản đối
A big crowd of demonstrators were protesting against cuts in health spending.
To be addicted to:
/əˈdɪktɪd/
Nghiện ngập
By the age of 14, Simon was much addicted to heroin.
To abuse:
/əˈbjuːs/
Lạm dụng
He was arrested on charges of corruption and abuse of power.
To bribe:
/braɪb/
Hối lộ, đút lót
They bribed a member of the city council to win the contract about building a new office.
To smuggle:
/ˈsmʌɡl/
Buôn lậu
She was caught trying to smuggle 2 kilos of heroin into the country.
To debate about:
/dɪˈbeɪt/
Tranh luận về vấn đề gì
The question of security needs to be debated publicly.
To embezzle:
/ɪmˈbezl/
Biển thủ, tham ô
She embezzled thousands of dollars from the charity.
To shield:
/ʃiːld/
Bao che, lấp liếm
Police believe that somebody is shielding the killer.
III. Practice
Vocabulary Quiz
Introduction

UNIT 12 - VOCABULARY

SOCIAL ISSUES

TiếngAnh123.com

Tổng số câu hỏi
28
Điểm tối đa
280
Tỷ lệ cần đạt
50%
Điểm yêu cầu tối thiểu
140
Vocabulary Quiz
Question 1 of 28\ Multiple Choice

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank

The number of people experiencing _____ exploded in the 1980s, as federal funds were withdrawn from
low-income housing and social assistance programs for low-income families and the mentally ill.

unemployment
illiteracy
homelessness

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank

More than one-third of the approximately 205 million pregnancies that occur worldwide annually are
unintended and about 20% of all pregnancies end in induced ____.

abortion
same-sex marriage
child marriage

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank

Cigarette _____ is the illicit transportation of cigarettes from an administrative division with low taxation
to a division with high taxation for sale and consumption.

tax evasion
corruption
smuggling

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank

Government ______ in some Asian countries have become "power centers" in their own right, allowing them to effectively resist efforts toward reforms by politicians and appointed officials, the Hong Kong-based firm said.

bureaucracies
coruptions
social welfare

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank

A joint UN-government family survey this year found that 21.2 percent of married couples had reported instances of ______ in their households, including emotional abuse, beatings and rape.

prostitution
domestic violence
cohabitation

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank

More women are choosing to live with men first without marriage and more of those relationships are lasting longer, according to a new government study that tracks the continuing climb of _______ in the U.S.

abortion
child marriage
cohabitation

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank

Children are especially vulnerable to ________. The danger is that child ID theft goes unnoticed for years, until the child becomes an adult and tries to apply for credit or to college.

teen pregnancy
identity theft
child marriage

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank

The Thua Thien-Hue Provincial Museum of History and Revolution has recently received two old documents confirming the _____ of Vietnam over Hoang Sa (Paracel) Archipelago.

national sovereignty
social welfare
food security

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank

A number of _____ cases have happened in industrial parks, which is due to lack of nursery schools, therefore, parents have to send their children to unlicensed day-care centers.

overpopulation
teen pregnancy
child abuse

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank

Spurred by the progress of weapons programs in North Korea and Iran, ____ is once again at the top of the U.S. national security agenda.

terrorism
nuclear proliferation
national sovereignty

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank

_____ can also be caused by diseases, such as the diseases that cause diarrhea, by reducing the body's ability to convert food into usable nutrients.

Poverty
Malnutrition
Food security

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank

Nowadays not only small and medium enterprises but also large corporations are facing ____. Once talented people decide to leave, they will not bother thinking again even if their managers try their best to keep them.

brain drain
civil rights
human rights

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank

Government was asked to conduct a survey on causes of early marriages and to map out policies on vocational training for young people who may be involved in ____ so they could more easily find jobs.

abortion
child abuse
child marriages

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank

_____ and teen childbearing affect several critical social issues, including poverty and income disparity, overall child well-being, child welfare, out-of-wedlock births, healthy relationships and marriage.

Cohabitation
Teen pregnancy
Domestic violence

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank

The Justice Department has estimated that nearly 450,000 children run away from home each year and that one-third of teens living on the street will be lured toward ____ within 48 hours of leaving home.

domestic violence
teen pregnancy
prostitution

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank

____ is generally described as cheating, collusion, bribery or bid rigging. It is the abuse of public resources or misconduct for private gain.

Corruption
National sovereignty
Terrorism

Click the suitable verb / phrasal verb for the following definition

Click the suitable verb / phrasal verb for the following definition

Click the suitable verb / phrasal verb for the following definition

Click the suitable verb / phrasal verb for the following definition

Click the suitable verb / phrasal verb for the following definition

Click the suitable verb / phrasal verb for the following definition

Click the suitable verb / phrasal verb for the following definition

Click the suitable verb / phrasal verb for the following definition

Click the suitable verb / phrasal verb for the following definition

Click the suitable verb / phrasal verb for the following definition

Click the suitable verb / phrasal verb for the following definition

Click the suitable verb / phrasal verb for the following definition

Your result
Tổng số câu hỏi
28
Điểm tối đa
280
Tỷ lệ cần đạt
50%
Điểm yêu cầu
140
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