Reading

Reading Unit 11
Reading Comprehension

X – Rays

X-rays are images which are used to diagnose disease. They were discovered by Wilhelm Rontgen, a German scientist, working in Munich, in 1895. He was working on a cathode ray tube developed by one of his colleagues, when he noticed that it was projecting a green light on the wall. Strangely, the light was passing through some materials, including paper, wood and books. As he experimented by placing other materials in the way, he noticed that the outline of the bones in his hand was projected onto the wall. In the following weeks, he continued to investigate the new rays, which he temporarily called X-rays. Two months later, he published his paper “On a new kind of X-rays”, and in 1901 he was awarded the first Nobel Prize in Physics. Although the new rays would eventually be known as Rontgen rays, he always preferred the term X-rays. Today, Rontgen is considered the father of Diagnose Radiology, a medical specialty using images to diagnose disease. Nowadays, radiologists can examine all areas of the body for different types of disease.

Penicillin

This was the first effective antibiotic. It was discovered by Alexander Fleming, who was a brilliant medical researcher at St Mary’s hospital, London. He was also careless, and his laboratory was often untidy. In 1928, after returning from holiday, he noticed a glass dish that had some mould growing on it. His analysis of this and its effect on the bacteria in the dish led to the discovery of penicillin. This paved the way for the treatment of infectious disease. Fleming published his findings in 1929, but little attention was paid to them. He continued his research, but found it was difficult to grow penicillin mould and even more difficult to refine it.
Fleming shared the 1945 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Ernst Chain, who worked out how to isolate and concentrate penicillin. Howard Florey also shared the prize for his work on mass producing penicillin. Fleming’s accidental discovery marks the start of modern antibiotics. It is estimated that penicillin has saved nearly 200 million lives.

Aspirin

Aspirin is one of the most effective painkillers in the world. Hippocrates, a Greek physician, wrote in the 5th century about a powder made from the willow tree, which could help aches and pains and reduce fever. However, it was not until 1897 that Felix Hoffman, a German chemist, synthesized the ingredient acetylsalicylic acid to treat his father’s arthritic. This was the first synthetic drug, which means it was a copy of something already existing in nature. Aspirin was patented on 6 March 1899. It was marketed alongside another of Hoffmann’s products, a synthetic of morphine, called heroin, which he invented 11 days after aspirin. To start with, heroin was the more successful of the two painkillers and was thought to be healthier than aspirin. However, aspirin took over and has become the world’s best seller drug. In 1969, it even went to the moon with Neil Armstrong. Today, it is still one of the most effective painkillers; despite having a number of side effects. Aspirin is also effective against many serious diseases such as heart disease, diabetes and arthritis.
Practice :

Question 1 to Question 7: Choose the correct answer

1
Which is used to diagnose disease?
2
Which was the first effective antibiotic?
3
Which is the world’s best seller drug?
4
Which helps to treat infectious disease?
5
Which was patented in 19th century?
6
Which has saved about 200,000,000 people?
7
Which traveled to the moon?

Question 8 to Question 14: Decide the following statements are True (T) or False(F)


8
Wilhelm Rontgen with his colleagues worked to find out X-rays. 
9
Radiologists can examine human body for different types of disease. 
10
Fleming’s long term research marks the start of modern antibiotics. 
11
Three scientists shared the 1945 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. 
12
People used to think heroin was healthier than aspirin. 
13
Willow powder is a kind of synthetic drug. 
14
Recent researches show that aspirin can help cure cancer. 
New words :
Cathode ray tube:
/ˈkæθoʊd reɪ tuːb/
(n.)
Ống tia catot
He was working on a cathode ray tube developed by one of his colleagues, when he noticed that it was projecting a green light on the wall.
For the past 75 years, the vast majority of televisions have been built around the same technology, the cathode ray tube.
Radiology:
/ˌreɪdiˈɑːlədʒi/
(n.)
Chẩn đoán X-quang, chẩn đoán hình ảnh
Today, Rontgen is considered the father of Diagnose Radiology, a medical specialty using images to diagnose disease.
This article describes some of these applications in radiology and cardiology.
Radiologist:
/ˌreɪdiˈɑːlədʒɪst/
(n.)
Bác sĩ X-quang, bác sĩ chẩn đoán hình ảnh
Nowadays, radiologists can examine all areas of the body for different types of disease.
Dr. Curtis is a Consultant Radiologist with an interest in chest radiology at University Hospital Aintree, Liverpool.
Mould:
/moʊld/
(n.)
Nấm mốc
In 1928, after returning from holiday, he noticed a glass dish that had some mould growing on it.
Excess humidity inside your home also promotes the growth of mold, fungi and bacteria.
Pave the way:
/peɪv ðə weɪ/
(v.)
Mở đường
This paved the way for the treatment of infectious disease.
The proposals will pave the way for a resolution to the problem.
Synthesize:
/ˈsɪnθəsaɪz/
(n.)
Tổng hợp
However, it was not until 1897 that Felix Hoffman, a German chemist, synthesized the ingredient acetylsalicylic acid to treat his father’s arthritic.
The light energy is used to split apart carbon dioxide and synthesize the carbon-based molecules of life.
Patent:
/ˈpætnt/
(v.)
Cấp bằng sáng chế
Aspirin was patented on 6 March 1899.
Ben has patented his invention and a Sheffield company has already shown interest in developing the device.
Practice:

Drag and drop the correct word or phrase to complete the following sentences.

Translation

X – Rays

X-rays are images which are used to diagnose disease. They were discovered by Wilhelm Rontgen, a German scientist, working in Munich, in 1985. He was working on a cathode ray tube developed by one of his colleagues, when he noticed that it was projecting a green light on the wall. Strangely, the light was passing through some materials, including paper, wood and books. As he experimented by placing other materials in the way, he noticed that the outline of the bones in his hand was projected onto the wall. In the following weeks, he continued to investigate the new rays, which he temporarily called X-rays. Two months later, he published his paper “On a new kind of X-rays”, and in 1901 he was awarded the first Nobel Prize in Physics. Although the new rays would eventually be known as Rontgen rays, he always preferred the term X-rays. Today, Rontgen is considered the father of Diagnose Radiology, a medical specialty using images to diagnose disease. Nowadays, radiologists can examine all areas of the body for different types of disease.

Penicillin

This was the first effective antibiotic. It was discovered by Alexander Fleming, who was a brilliant medical researcher at St Mary’s hospital, London. He was also careless, and his laboratory was often untidy. In 1928, after returning from holiday, he noticed a glass dish that had some mould growing on it. His analysis of this and its effect on the bacteria in the dish led to the discovery of penicillin. This paved the way for the treatment of infectious disease. Fleming published his findings in 1929, but little attention was paid to them. He continued his research, but found it was difficult to grow penicillin mould and even more difficult to refine it.
Fleming shared the 1945 Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine with Ernst Chain, who worked out how to isolate and concentrate penicillin. Howard Florey also shared the prize for his work on mass producing penicillin. Fleming’s accidental discovery marks the start of modern antibiotics. It is estimated that penicillin has saved nearly 200 million lives.

Aspirin

Aspirin is one of the most effective painkillers in the world. Hippocrates, a Greek physician, wrote in the 5th century about a powder made from the willow tree, which could help aches and pains and reduce fever. However, it was not until 1897 that Felix Hoffman, a German chemist, synthesized the ingredient acetylsalicylic acid to treat his father’s arthritic. This was the first synthetic drug, which means it was a copy of something already existing in nature. Aspirin was patented on 6 March 1899. It was marketed alongside another of Hoffmann’s products, a synthetic of morphine, called heroin, which he invented 11 days after aspirin. To start with, heroin was the more successful of the two painkillers and was thought to be healthier than aspirin. However, aspirin took over and has become the world’s best seller drug. In 1969, it even went to the moon with Neil Armstrong. Today, it is still one of the most effective painkillers; despite having a number of side effects. Aspirin is also effective against many serious diseases such as heart disease, diabetes and arthritis.
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yup:)))
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hayyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
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Ai là fan của Princess Star Butterfly thì kết bạn vs tớ nhé. Star Butterfly!!!
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Giving your comment about this lecture.
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I read books with the same author's reason :"I don't want to live only one life"
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