Vocabulary

Science and Technology

Welcome all of you to the first vocabulary lesson of the advanced English course - "Science and Technology". Hope you enjoy the lesson.

New Words

Digital technology


n.
Công nghệ kỹ thuật số

Digital technologies are tools which utilize a discrete method to convey information, such as letters or numbers.

Wireless technology


n.
Công nghệ không dây

Wireless Technology can offer businesses more flexible and inexpensive ways to send and receive data.

Touch technology


n.
Công nghệ cảm ứng

Touch Technology provides a fast and intuitive interface for the user.

Satellite navigation system


n.
Hệ thống định vị bằng vệ tinh

Satellite Navigation System is a system of satellites that can help users determine the certain position on the earth’s surface within a few hundred meters.

Compass


n.
La bàn

The compass is an important part of navigation. In geography, the teacher shows the students how to hold the compass properly.

Global Positioning System – GPS

noun phrase
Hệ thống định vị toàn cầu

Global Positioning System is a space-based satellite navigation system that provides location and time information in all weather, anywhere on or near the Earth.

Newfangled


adj.
Mới lạ

Newfangled invention called the “internet” is undoubtedly the most crucial technology of the modern world.

Breakthrough


n.
Bước đột phá

“A dramatic breakthrough in breast cancer research will lead to a revolution in the way the disease will be diagnosed and treated in years to come.” leading cancer specialists said yesterday.

Revolutionary


adj.
Mang tính cách mạng, bước ngoặt

NLP is a revolutionary approach to human communication and development. In NLP, you'll be guided step-by-step through specific programs for learning the characteristics of top achievers.

Biotechnology


n.
Công nghệ sinh học

Biotechnology holds great promise for increasing the world's food supply and improving the quality of that food.

Nanotechnology


n.
Công nghệ Nano

These materials are often more durable, and lighter than those that are not produced with the help of nanotechnology.

Environmentally Friendly


adjectival phrase.
Thân thiện với môi trường

Green cars are cars which are more environmentally friendly than conventional cars.

Ecology


n.
Sinh thái học

Ecology is the branch of biology dealing with the relations and interactions of organisms and their environment.

Astronomy


n.
Thiên văn học

Astronomy is a natural science that deals with the study of celestial objects.

Geology


n.
Địa chất học

Geology is a broad scientific discipline that studies Earth through the history and processes of rocks and minerals.

Genetics


n.
Di truyền học

Genetics is the science of genes, heredity, and the variation in living organisms.

Meteorology


n.
Khí tượng học

Meteorology is the study of the changes in temperature, air pressure, moisture, and wind direction in the troposphere.

Oceanography


n.
Hải dương học

Oceanography is the study of the deep sea and shallow coastal oceans.

Atom


n.
Nguyên tử

Two atoms of hydrogen combine with one atom of oxygen to form a molecule of water.

Chromosome


n.
Nhiễm sắc thể

Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes in their cells.

Tissue


n.

Sarcoma is a type of cancer that develops from certain tissues, like bone or muscle.

Element


n.
Nguyên tố

Chemical elements consist of atoms which have the same number of protons.

Substance


n.
Chất, vật chất

There are examples of substances causing cancer in animals, whereas it has been concluded that they do not have the same effects in humans.

Fossil


n.
Hoá thạch

A fossil has the same shape as the original object, but is chemically more like a rock.

Patent


n.
Bằng sáng chế

A patent is an exclusive right granted for an invention, which is a product or a process that provides, in general, a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem.

Telecommunication cable


n.
Cáp viễn thông

Our mission is to be the leading global innovator, manufacturer and provider of communication cable products and services that meet the unique needs and expectations of each customer.

Applied Research


noun phrase.
Nghiên cứu ứng dụng

Applied research is used to find solutions to everyday problems, cure illnesses, and develop innovative technologies.

Thermal Power


n.
Nhiệt điện

Pha Lai Thermal Power Plant is located in Pha Lai, Chi Linh District, Hai Duong province, roughly 65 kilometres north-east of Hanoi. It has an installed electric capacity of 1,040 MW.

Hydropower


n.
Thuỷ điện

Son La hydropower plant was completely designed and built by Vietnamese engineers and workers. The construction work on the project was started on 2 December 2005, and it was completed on 26 September 2012, 3 years ahead of schedule.

Solar Energy


n.
Năng lượng mặt trời

Solar energy is no doubt a great renewable source and is perfect for the world's future energy needs.

Phrases

Carry out research into


Tiến hành nghiên cứu về cái gì

They are carrying out some fascinating research into the language of dolphins.

Do experiments


Tiến hành các thí nghiệm

Scientists are doing experiments to test the effectiveness of the new drugs.

Sketch out a vision


Vạch ra tầm chiến lược

Small businesses can sketch out a five-year vision using basic information they already have, such as sales figures, the cost of goods sold, and cash flow.

Bring benefit(s) to


Mang lại lợi ích

Revolutionary Green Technology will bring significant benefits to southern Ontario's economy and environment.

To be frustrated with


Bị nản chí

He is frustrated with his plan to create a brand new "machine" of his own.

Lead to advances in


Dẫn đến sự tiến bộ trong

The study of systems biology will lead to advances in pharmaceuticals and medical treatment, also to advances in computer science.

Bài Luyện Tập

Chúng ta cùng làm bài luyện tập dưới đây để củng cố các từ vừa học nhé!!!

Vocabulary
Introduction
Unit 1 - Vocabulary : Science and Technology
Tổng số câu hỏi
20
Điểm tối đa
200
Tỷ lệ cần đạt
50%
Điểm yêu cầu tối thiểu
100
Vocab
Question 1 of 20\ Multiple Choice

 Choose the best answer that is suitable with the given picture.

Global Positioning System
Biotechnology
Nanotechnology

Choose the best answer that is suitable with the given picture.

Patent
Telecommunication cable
Applied Research

 Choose the best answer that is suitable with the given picture.

Compass
Fossil
Patent

 Choose the best answer that is suitable with the given picture.

Thermal Power
Hydropower
Solar Energy

Choose the best answer to complete the sentence.

In order to not ................. at work, you must identify the causes of frustration and manage them accordingly, which may be easier said than done.

be frustrated
bring benefit to
sketch out a vision
Choose the best answer to complete the sentence.
The rise of smartphones as mainstream products has brought.................
technologies to mobile phones. When a user places his finger on the surface,
he can unlock the phone.
Choose the best answer to complete the sentence. .................. technologies can enable these students constant Web access as they roam from their dorm rooms, to the classroom, to the library.
Choose the best answerto complete the sentence.
There is so much potential for ............................. to enable people to make new connections, contribute to person-centred support, develop community networks.
Choose the best answer to complete the sentence.
Using ........................., materials can effectively be made to be stronger, lighter, more durable, more reactive.
Choose the best answer to complete the sentence.
........................ crops help to reduce the environmental impact of productive agriculture in several ways.
Choose the best answer to complete the sentence.
Flowing water creates energy that can be captured and turned into electricity. This is called ...........................
Choose the best answer to complete the sentence.
This diagram shows the basic steps in converting fossil fuels to ................... Coal, oil and gas are used to make electricity.
Choose the best answer to complete the sentence.
Although observation is crucial to the study of ........................, you do not spend all your time gazing at the stars through a telescope.
Choose the best answer to complete the sentence.
How do mountains rise? How are rocks created and destroyed? These questions can be answered if we study ............................
Choose the best answer to complete the sentence.
.................. is certainly not a new science. It is wide ranging and has many related subjects such as climate studies, geography and environmental science.
Choose the best answer to complete the sentence.
I loved learning about .................. in my high school biology class. My teacher had us pair with a person from the opposite sex and draw a picture of what our child would look like.

Choose the best answer to complete the sentence.

....................... have thousands of genes, each of which contains information for a specific trait. That information is stored in the form of a chemical code.

Element
Chromosomes
Atom

Choose the best answer to complete the sentence.

Before you can start placing ..................... on your product, you should find out whether anyone else has already claimed your desired mark or invention.

element
breakthrough
patent

Choose the best answer to complete the sentence.

When you buy recycled content and other ........ products, you help reduce waste by creating a market for our recycled materials.

environmentally friendly
revolutionary
newfangled

Choose the best answer to complete the sentence.

Water is made from two .......... of hydrogen and one ............. of oxygen.

atoms- atom
chromosomes- chromosome
tissues- tissue
Your result
Tổng số câu hỏi
20
Điểm tối đa
200
Tỷ lệ cần đạt
50%
Điểm yêu cầu
100
Điểm của bạn
Thời gian làm
200
 
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cdung4 là dũng 4c - 5c
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Try my best to improve my English! Go on!
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