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Write a composition about the Sahara Desert



Study the information in the table below

General information
Location - largest desert in the world
- in northern Africa
- extends from the Atlantic Ocean eastward past the Red Sea to Iraq
- lies largely in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mauritania, Mali, Niger and Sudan
Area - total area: more than 9,065,000 sq km
- 1,610 km wide and about 5,150 km long from east to west
Natural features - arid land, dry climate (moisture is almost totally absent), very hot in summer and very cold in winter
- few oases exist
- sandy land and large dunes of sand
- tablelands with an average elevation from 400 to 500 m
Trees and animals - few forms of animal and vegetable life
- main trees: cacti, the date palms, and a form of acacia
- main animals: gazelles, antelopes, foxes, jackals, camels



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The Sahara Desert is said to be the largest desert in the world. It is located in the northern Africa and occupied approximately 10 percent of the African continent.

From the Atlantic Ocean in the west, the Sahara Desert stretches across Africa to the Red Sea and down to the highlands of Ethiopia, covering an area of 9,065,000 square kilometres, 1,610 kilometres wide and about 5,150 kilometres long from east to west.

The Sahara is one of the hottest regions in the world, with arid land, dry climate. In the hottest months, temperatures can rise over 50°C, and temperatures can fall below freezing point in winter. A single daily variation is from -0.5°C to 37.5°C. The Sahara is also extremely windy, which creates dust devils which can make the temperatures even hotter.

The surface of the desert ranges from large areas of sand dunes to stone plateaus, gravel plains, dry valleys and salt flats. People can find some tablelands with an average elevation from 400 to 500 meters. Very few forms of animal and vegetable life can be seen in the Sahara. Plants and animals of the Sahara are more threatened by desiccation than the fauna and flora in other parts. The main trees can be seen are cacti, date palms and a form of Acacia.

In the vast area of sand and wind, people can find some species of mammals such as desert antelopes, gazelles, foxes and jackals. Besides, there are some species of birds and reptiles.

The Sahara Desert is not well-protected. Unless people take appropriate measures to preserve, the flora and fauna of the Sahara is critically threatened with extinction.

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