Kiwis

READING PASSAGE

Questions 1-6

Complete the sentences below.
Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer.

● Pictures of kiwis can be found on (1)    in New Zealand.

The first paragraph says “The kiwi also appears on many flags and symbols across the islands.”

● The kiwi belongs to a bird family which also includes other species such as (2)    and (3)   .

The second paragraph says “The kiwi is thought to be related to the ostrich and the emu, making the kiwi the smallest member of this family of birds.”

● Although kiwis have wings, they serve little purpose because kiwis cannot (4)   .

The second paragraph says “the kiwi is unable to fly due to its small wing span and heavy weight.”

● Because of its bigger size, the female kiwi is usually (5)    compared to the male one.

The fourth paragraph says “Kiwi couples mate only with each other and the female kiwi is known to be larger than the male kiwi, meaning the female kiwi is generally the dominant bird.”

● In breeding season, the male kiwi (6)    the eggs.

The fourth paragraph saysThe male kiwi is the one who incubates the eggs for most of the time.”

Questions 7-9

Choose the correct letter A, B, C or D.

7. Kiwis are omnivorous animals because

A. they are able to eat only meat.
B. they are able to eat only plants.
C. they are able to eat both plants and meat.
D. they are unable to eat both plants and meat.
The third paragraph says “Kiwis are omnivorous animals that eat a variety of both plants and other animals.”

8. The word “rummage” in the third paragraph means

A. to cut something into small pieces.
B. to move around carelessly while searching for something.
C. to eat something quickly.
D. to drink something.
“Rummage” in this context means “use the kiwis’ peak to move around carelessly to find food”.

9. Kiwis are endangered as a result of

A. pollution.
B. deforestation.
C. global warming.
D. introduced animals and human activities.
The last paragraph says “...the kiwi has become endangered. This has occurred mainly due to introduced predators like dogs, cats, rats, ferrets and weasels which hunt the kiwi and eat its eggs. During the latter part of the last century, many thousands of kiwis were captured for zoos, museums and private collections.”

Vocabulary Review

I. Scan the passage for the following words (on the left) and read the sentences containing them carefully.
Match these words with their definitions (on the right).

Words

Definitions

1. inhabit (v) a) more important, strong or noticeable than anything else of the same type
2. diversity (n) b) an animal that kills and eats other animals
3. solitary (adj) c) (of a person or an animal) enjoy being alone; frequently spending time alone
4. dominant (adj) d) to live in a particular place
5. predator (n) e) the quality or fact of including many different types of people or things

1.   2.   3.   4.   5.  

Vocabulary Review

II. Complete the following sentences using the suitable words in the box below.
Sometimes you have to change the form of the words to make them grammatically correct in the sentences.

inhabit       diversity      solitary       dominant      predator

1. Oak is a    plant in many types of forest.

2. These remote islands    only by birds.

3. The birds have to be protected from foxes, wolves and other   .

4. Tigers are    animals.

5. The biological    of the rain forest has been adversely affected by human interference.

READING PASSAGE

Below is the Reading Passage with more useful words and phrases highlighted in blue.

Kiwis

The kiwi is a brown, fuzzy, flightless bird  native to the forests of New Zealand. In fact, it is the national bird  and icon of the country and New Zealand natives are often also called Kiwis. The kiwi also appears on many flags and symbols across the islands.

There are many different species of kiwi, but all of them can be found inhabiting the forests of New Zealand. It is believed that the incredible diversity of the bird on this island nation is due to its early separation from Australia and the rest of the continents, by way of tectonic plate shifting millions of years ago. The kiwi is thought to be related to the ostrich and the emu, making the kiwi the smallest member of this family of birds. Like its larger cousins, the kiwi is unable to fly  due to its small wing span and heavy weight. The kiwi therefore spends its life foraging on the forest floor.

Kiwis are omnivorous animals that eat a variety of both plants and animals. The kiwi mainly hunts out worms, insects and spiders but also eats fruits and berries, generally those that have fallen to the forest floor. Its beak is about one third of the size of the kiwi's body and it is used to rummage through the foliage on the ground in search of food.

Although kiwis are generally solitary animals, kiwis are also known to live in pairs for parts of their lives. Kiwi couples mate only with each other and the female kiwi is known to be larger than the male kiwi, meaning the female kiwi is generally the dominant bird. The female kiwi lays an average of 5 eggs per clutch which take nearly 3 months to hatch. The male kiwi is the one who incubates the eggs for most of the time.

Previously, kiwis roamed New Zealand in great numbers as there were no natural predators there besides humans. It is since humans settled with their pets that the kiwi has become endangered. This has occurred mainly due to introduced predators like dogs, cats, rats, ferrets and weasels which hunt the kiwi and eat its eggs. During the latter part of the last century, many thousands of kiwis were captured for zoos, museums and private collections. Today there are believed to only around 200 kiwis left in the wild. In recent years, there are many support organizations for kiwis which run conservation projects  to try and protect the remaining kiwi population. The largest of these kiwi conservation projects is run by the Bank of New Zealand.

 
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