Spiders

READING PASSAGE

Questions 1-4

Label the picture below.
Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

1.   .2.   3.   4.   

Question 1: The first paragraph says “Spiders have eight eyes… The legs, eyes, and mouthparts are in the cephalothorax section.”

Question 2: The first paragraph says “A spider’s body can be divided into two sections. They are the abdomen section and the cephalothorax section.”

Question 3: The first paragraph says “The legs, eyes, and mouthparts are in the cephalothorax section.”

Question 4: The second paragraph says “These amazing animals usually have six fingerlike silk glands called spinnerets located beneath their abdomen.”

Questions 5-8

Answer the questions below.
Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer.

5. Where are the spiders’ poison glands located?   

The first paragraph says “Most spiders have poison glands and fangs in their jaws”.

6. What can venom do to help spiders eat an insect?   

The first paragraph says Venom can paralyse an insect allowing the spider to eat the insect as food.”

7. For what purpose do spiders squeeze silk out of their spinnerets?   

The second paragraph says “Spiders use this silk to make webs by squeezing the silk out of two small holes at the back of their body.”

8. How do spiders help us?   

The third paragraph says “Most of these creatures are very tiny and help us by eating insects.

Vocabulary Review

I. Scan the passage for the following words (on the left) and read the sentences containing them carefully.
Match these words with their definitions (on the right).

Words

Definitions

1. crawl (v) a) to use a syringe (a very small tube) to put a liquid such as drugs into a person’s or an animal’s body
2. inject (v) b) to press something firmly, especially from all sides, in order to change its shape or remove liquid from it
3. paralyse (v) c) to move forward on legs (for an animal) or on hands and knees (for a person) with the body close to the ground
4. squeeze (v) d) to allow a substance to flow out from somewhere
5. release (v) e) to cause a person, an animal or part of the body to lose the ability to move or feel

1.   2.   3.   4.   5.  

Vocabulary Review

II. Complete the following sentences using the suitable words in the box below.
Sometimes you have to change the form of the words to make them grammatically correct in the sentences.

crawl        inject        paralyse     release       squeeze

1. Cut the lemon in half and   the juice into the bowl.

2. The child    across the floor now.

3. Peter has to    himself with insulin every day because of his diabetes.

4. Hormones    from glands into the bloodstream.

5. The drug    the nerves so that there is no feeling or movement in the legs.

READING PASSAGE

Below is the Reading Passage with more useful words and phrases highlighted in blue.

 

Spiders

Spiders are not insects as many people believe. They belong to a class of animals called arachnids. Spiders have eight eyes, four pairs of segmented legs, and can grow a new leg if they lose one. They do not have antenna or wings. A spider’s body can be divided into two sections. They are the abdomen section and the cephalothorax section. The legs, eyes, and mouthparts are in the cephalothorax section. Most spiders have poison glands and fangs in their jaws, which they use to inject poison into insects. This poison is called venom. Venom can paralyse an insect allowing the spider to eat the insect as food.

These amazing animals usually have six fingerlike silk glands called spinnerets located beneath their abdomen. The silk comes from inside the spider’s body as a liquid that is thicker than water. Spiders use this silk to make webs by squeezing the silk out of two small holes at the back of their body. These small holes are called spinnerets. As soon as the silk hits the air, the silk dries into a line that looks like a long string of hair. Spiders use this silk as draglines to hang onto as the wind blows it through the air. The spider can crawl up or down on this dragline if the wind takes it somewhere it doesn’t want to be. Young spiders and adult male spiders like ballooning and can release long silken threads that float or ride in the wind to new areas.

Spiders can live almost anywhere in the world. Some like very humid or hot temperatures and some like places that are very dry. Some spiders prefer to live under ground and others live in trees. We have all seen the spiders that prefer to live in our houses. There are about 30,000 different types of spiders known to scientists. Most of these creatures are very tiny animals that help us by eating insects. The next time you are out in the yard and see a spider, take a few minutes to watch this most interesting animal.

 
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