Lesson 10 - Solar House


Bài học VIP

- EPISODE 10: SOLAR HOUSE

 

- Hello. I’m Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation. Today we’re going to look at ways of connecting ideas. There are many ways of doing this using ‘conjunctions’, words that join.

- First, let’s listen to Paul Gibson, an architect, while he takes us on a tour of his new, environmentally friendly solar house.

- Well we completed it about 2 years ago, and I guess one of the interesting things about it is that it’s a fibro house and most houses I guess these days are brick veneer, whereas this is fibro on the outside, timber on the outside, but there’s bricks on the inside.

- Well I guess the very high windows along the north side going down to the lower ceiling height on the south basically allows you to get a lot of sun in through these windows in winter, and the louvres, which go out, actually go to a point where the sun can be shaded completely in summer, but they can be opened to let the sun right back into the house though winter.

- This house actually has 2 north faces. There’s the north face of all the living rooms, 3 actually, and then the master bedroom has a north face and the other bedrooms also have a north face. So it’s trying to maximise what we call the aperture of the house, which is how much sun you actually get in winter.

- OK, now we’ve listened to Paul, let’s look at the way he connected his ideas. Good communication, especially in an academic setting, is all about expressing and connecting both simple and complex ideas.

- There are many ways to do this. Simple sentences express a single, simple idea. The most simple sentence consists of just a ‘subject’ and a ‘verb’.

 ‘The door opens.’
‘The woman enters.’

- The easiest way of connecting ideas is using ‘coordination’. That’s taking 2 simple sentences, and linking them with a ‘conjunction’ or joining word. The most common conjunctions are ‘and’ and ‘but’. Other common ones are ‘yet’, ‘or’, ‘for’, and ‘so’. We use the most simple conjunctions in place of a ‘full stop’.

‘The door opens.’ ‘The woman enters.’
‘The door opens and the woman enters.’

 ‘The door opens.’ ‘The woman doesn’t enter.’


‘The door opens but the woman doesn’t enter.’

- Listen to an example here.

- Well we completed it about 2 years ago, and I guess one of the interesting things about it is that it’s a fibro house and most houses I guess these days are brick veneer.

It’s a fibro house and most houses are brick veneer.


‘It is a fibro house.’


‘Most houses are brick veneer.’

- These are 2 simple sentences. They can be linked together to form a longer sentence called a ‘compound sentence’. ‘It is a fibro house and most houses are brick veneer.’ Compound sentences have 2 ‘independent clauses’, 2 clauses that can be separate sentences.

- Here’s another one.

- The ceiling height on the south basically allows you to get a lot of sun in through these windows in winter, and the louvres, which go out, actually go to a point where the sun can be shaded completely in summer, but they can be opened to let the sun right back into the house through winter.

- He’s talking about the louvres. He joins together two sentences.

    ‘The louvres go to a point where the sun can be shaded completely in summer.’
‘They can be opened to let the sun back in through winter.’

- He joins these sentences together using ‘but’. Notice we use a ‘comma’ as well.

‘The louvres go to a point where the sun can be shaded completely in summer, but they can be opened to let the sun back in through winter.’

- The conjunctions ‘and’ and ‘but’ can also be used to join words and phrases in lists. We separate words with ‘commas’, and then use a final ‘and’.

‘The house is made of fibro.’
‘The house is made of fibro and timber.’
‘The house is made of fibro, timber and bricks.’

- Listen to this example.

- Most houses I guess these days are brick veneer, whereas this is fibro on the outside, timber on the outside, but there’s bricks on the inside.

- He forms one compound sentence from simple sentences.

    ‘The house is fibro on the outside.’ ‘It is timber on the outside.’ ‘It is bricks on the inside.’

- Notice that ‘and’ is used to list similar things, ‘but’ is used to contrast different items in a list. So we could also say:

    ‘The house is fibro and timber on the outside, but bricks on the inside.’

- OK, so that’s an introduction to ‘coordination’. Remember ‘coordination’ is ‘linking independent clauses with conjunctions’. This forms ‘compound sentences’.

- Another way to join ideas is using ‘subordination’. ‘Subordination’ is linking an independent clause with a dependent clause to make a complex sentence. ‘Dependent clauses’ are clauses that cannot exist separately, in separate sentences.

- They need or depend on each other. We can form ‘complex sentences’ in two ways.

- We can use ‘relative pronouns’: who, whose, which, where; or we can use ‘conjunctions’: because or whereas. When writing or speaking, it’s important for you to practise using a variety of sentences. You’ll need to use simple, compound and complex sentences. Here’s another example.

- Trying to maximise what we call the aperture of the house, which is how much sun you actually get in winter.

- He uses an independent and a dependent clause here. Look at these 2 sentences.

    ‘They are trying to maximise the aperture of the house.’
‘The aperture of the house is how much sun you get.’

- He joins these 2 sentences together with a relative pronoun.

    ‘They are trying to maximise the aperture of the house, which is how much sun you get.’

- Now let’s practice that. Join these simple sentences to make compound sentences using ‘coordination’. Here, try to use ‘and’ and ‘but’.

    ‘The master bedroom has a north face.’ ‘The other bedrooms have a north face.’
‘The master bedroom and the other bedrooms have a north face.’

    ‘The house is warm in winter.’ ‘The house is cool in summer.’
‘The house is warm in winter, but it’s cool in summer.’

- Now let’s practice ‘subordination’. That’s making 2 sentences into one complex sentence. Try using ‘whereas’.

    ‘The house is warm in winter.’ ‘Most houses are cold in winter.’
‘The house is warm in winter, whereas most houses are cold in winter.’

- And here’s another one. Here, try to link the sentences using ‘which’.

    ‘The house is made of fibro.’ ‘Fibro is a cheap, building material.’
‘The house is made of fibro, which is a cheap building material.’

- You’ll need to practise forming simple, compound and complex sentences. There are many ways to do it, and many different ways of punctuating. This is very important for your written work. And that’s all for today. I’ll see you next time on Study English. Bye bye.

  Download Study Notes

Study Tips:

In both IELTS writing tasks, it is important to use a variety of sentence types, including simple, compound and complex. This makes your writing formal, more mature and interesting. - Trong cả hai bài viết IELTS, việc sử dụng đa dạng nhiều loại câu là rất quan trọng, bao gồm câu đơn, câu ghép, và câu phức. Điều này làm cho bài viết của bạn trang trọng hơn, chững chạc hơn và thú vị hơn.

Quiz:

Quảng cáo

Tư vấn và đặt mua thẻ qua điện thoại : 0473053868 (8h-21h)

Luyện thi 123 - Học thú vị - Thi hiệu quả
ĐĂNG PHẢN HỒI CỦA BẠN CHO BÀI HỌC NÀY

Chú ý: Nội dung gửi không nên copy từ Office word

Chèn biểu tượng cảm xúc
Bạn phải đăng nhập để sử dụng chức năng này
CÁC Ý KIẾN BÌNH LUẬN - PHẢN HỒI VỀ BÀI HỌC NÀY
Đăng bởi thành viên Xếp theo
Ngày tham gia: 05-12-2018
Bài viết: 8538
• Điểm thành tích: 864
• Sổ học bạ: Hăng say phát biểu
• Điểm học bạ: 139
♪ CON MÈO MÀY TRÈO CÂY CAU ♪
Gửi lúc: 21:57:41 ngày 22-05-2020
░▒▓█ ►No Signal◄ █▓▒░
Ngày tham gia: 14-10-2019
Bài viết: 727
• Điểm thành tích: 42
• Sổ học bạ: Hăng say phát biểu
• Điểm học bạ: 130
Great!!!
Gửi lúc: 10:41:46 ngày 16-04-2020
Ai là fan của Princess Star Butterfly thì kết bạn vs tớ nhé. Star Butterfly!!!
Ngày tham gia: 02-07-2019
Bài viết: 1546
• Điểm thành tích: 41
• Sổ học bạ: Học sinh triển vọng
• Điểm học bạ: 225
https://www.tienganh123.com/hat-tieng-anh/23851/3060729 suport cho mình con 10 nha. Thanksn
Gửi lúc: 16:03:59 ngày 10-03-2020
hoa đã có chủ, cấm đập chậu cướp hoa
Ngày tham gia: 28-09-2018
Bài viết: 4468
• Điểm thành tích: 2104
• Sổ học bạ: Học sinh ưu tú
• Điểm học bạ: 627
- no comment.
Gửi lúc: 19:40:06 ngày 22-12-2019
PM
Ngày tham gia: 16-04-2018
Bài viết: 1209
• Điểm thành tích: 53
• Sổ học bạ: Học sinh ưu tú
• Điểm học bạ: 410
nngocvanvo ~ Chào chủ nhà. Contest mà mkmk lập lúc nãy mk lỡ tay xóa rồi. Mk ms lập lại contest mới, nội dung cũng giống vậy. Nếu chủ nhà rảnh thì giới thiệu với nhiều người hơn hộ mình nhé. Link: https://www.tienganh123.com/member/2545074/viewnote/837233. Thank you!nĐược viết lúc: 0000-00-00 00:00:00nn nngocvanvo ~ Chào chủ nhà! Rảnh thì ghé qua gcm của mk nhé. Mk ms lập 1 contest, mong list ủng hộ. :)) https://www.tienganh123.com/member/2545074. À, nếu chủ nhà rảnh thì giới thiệu contest vs nhiều ng dùm mình nhé. Cảm ơn nhiều. ღ Bye! #Ajisai.nĐược viết lúc: 0000-00-00 00:00:00
Gửi lúc: 23:52:04 ngày 28-10-2019
P-H-A-N_V-I-E-T_K-H-A-N-H
Để tra nghĩa một từ, bạn hãy click chuột hai lần vào từ đó.
Tổng đài hỗ trợ trực tuyến
Tel: 024 73 080 123 (8h30-21h)
Mời các bạn click vào đây để tham gia thi đấu tiếng Anh trực tiếp - và click vào đây để tham gia luyện nói qua video chat - 2 tính năng đầy hứng thú và kịch tính mới ra mắt của Tiếng Anh 123.

Giúp bạn giải bài tập các môn

    Video Chat www.abckid.vn Tải tài liệu Tiếng Anh hay miễn phí
    Tổng số thành viên: 3.210.113
    Thành viên mới nhất:
    anhtuanphan92106fb3
    Đang trực tuyến: 494
    Đóng