Lesson 1 - Electronic Crime


Bài học dành cho thành viên VIP

- ELECTRONIC CRIME


Hello. I’m Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation.

In this series, we look at the skills you’ll need to write formal, academic English, and you’ll have the chance to listen to people talking about topics you’ll find at colleges and universities.

In today’s episode we’re going to hear someone talking about a new type of crime – electronic crime.

Listen carefully to this police officer.

Then we’re going to look at word families, and do some spelling.

It is a new frontier, and there are old, traditional forms of crime being committed electronically, and via computers and the internet, but there are also new crime types emerging. Electronic crime really does cross over a whole range of different crime types.

You can imagine stalking offences that may be facilitated via email, harassment, threatening emails, small-scale fraud offences, right up through to large-scale frauds committed via the internet.

 

OK, so let’s have a closer look at that clip.

We're going to focus on vocabulary building, word groups, but first, listen again to this sentence. See if you can hear the keyword, the main subject of the sentence.

 

It is a new frontier, and there are old, traditional forms of crime being committed electronically, and via computers and the internet.

 

He says there are old, traditional forms of crime being committed electronically.

 

The keyword is ‘crime’. That’s what the sentence is about.

 

Crime is a noun.

 

We say that a crime is committed, or done.

 

To commit a crime is to do something illegal.

 

Let’s have a closer look at the word ‘crime’.

 

In English, many words can change to have different uses. In this way, they form word groups.

 

Learning words groups is an excellent way to build your vocabulary. You should write them down in a table like this showing adjectives, nouns, verbs, and adverbs.

 

Of course, there are often at least 2 different sorts of nouns – nouns for things, and nouns for people.

 

Let’s have a look at the crime word group.

 

Crime is a noun. It’s a thing. A ‘criminal’ is a person who commits a crime. Criminal is also the adjective.

 

We can describe something by using the word ‘criminal’ before the noun. That was a criminal act.

 

And we have the adverb criminally. To behave criminally is to behave in an illegal way. There’s no verb from crime.

 

- We have to use the phrase to commit a crime.

 

- OK. We’ll come back to our table a bit later.

 

- Right now, listen to what sort of crimes are being committed these days – and listen for an ‘-l-y’ adverb.

 

- It is a new frontier, and there are old, traditional forms of crime being committed electronically, and via computers and the internet.

 

- He says there are old forms of crime being committed electronically.

- Electronically is an adverb. It means in an electronic way, or using electronics.

 

- Electronics is the study of electricity and the things that use electricity.

 

- Listen to the way electronic is used here.

 

- It is a new frontier, and there are old, traditional forms of crime being committed electronically, and via computers and the internet, but there are also new crime types emerging. Electronic crime really does cross over a whole range of different crime types.

Electronic crime really does cross over a whole range of different crime types.

- He uses the phrases ‘electronic crime’, and ‘committed electronically’.

 

- Notice that ‘electronic’, the adjective, comes before the noun ‘crime’, but that the adverb ‘electronically’ comes after the verb ‘committed’.

 

- Let’s look at the table again. 

 

- We have electronic the adjective, electronically the adverb, and electronics, the noun.

 

- You’ll notice that not all words take all these different forms. But where they do exist, you will be able to see patterns emerging.

 

- For example look at the adverbs criminally and electronically. They both end in '-l-y', '-ly'.

 

- OK, so we’ve looked at electronic and its word family.

 

- These days, electronic is often used to mean relating to computers, or new technologies. It sometimes gets shortened to ‘e’.

 

- We have “e-mail – electronic mail, e-business, electronic business.”

 

- So we could call these electronic crimes e-crimes – crimes committed using computers and the internet.

 

- But what sorts of e-crimes are being committed? Listen for the two main types of crimes that he mentions.

 

- Electronic crime really does cross over a whole range of different crime types. You can imagine stalking offences that may be facilitated via email, harassment, threatening emails, small-scale fraud offences, right up through to large-scale frauds committed via the internet.

 

- He mentions two main types of crimes: stalking offences and fraud offences.

 

- An offence is another word for a crime.

 

- Notice how you can build your vocabulary by looking at words on a theme.

 

- An offence is a crime, and offenders are criminals.

 

- But look at some other crime words. We’ve got robbery and robbers, burglary and burglars.

 

- And there are lots more - you should try to learn words in themes like this. See how many words you can find for different types of crimes and criminals.

 

- OK, now let’s have a quick look at some spelling.

 

- Spelling is very important in formal writing, but English spelling is very difficult. They aren’t too many rules, and most of them can be broken.

 

- Notice that many words can have doubled letters, but you can’t tell by just listening to the words.

 

- In today’s story we’ve seen the words committed, electronically, different, cross, harassment and offences.

 

- They have all got doubled letters.

 

- There aren't really any rules for spelling these words - you have to learn them all one by one.

 

- When you come across new words, try writing them down out a few times, and spelling them out loud.

 

- Notice in Australia and England, we spell doubled letters out by saying the word double before them. Double f, double s.

 

- But in the United States, they just say the letter twice – f-f, s-s. So you can choose either way, but you should learn to recognise both.

 

- Listen to this…

 

- Different - d-i-f-f-e-r-e-n-t – different.

 

- Harassment - h-a-r-a-s-s-m-e-n-t – harassment.

 

- Electronically - e-l-e-c-t-r-o-n-i-c-a-l-l-y – electronically.

 

- Notice that even though English spelling can be very difficult, it’s very important to make sure you spell words correctly.

 

- It makes your writing look bad if you misspell words in essays. So you’ll need to work hard at it!

 

- So our lessons for today are: write down new words you find. Check the spelling in a dictionary, to make sure you’ve spelt them correctly.

 

- See if you can find other words that belong to the same family – can the word be used as a noun or verb? Write all the word forms in your word family table.

 

- Don’t forget that it’s very useful to keep your words listed according to topics – like crime words, or business words, or computer words.

 

- And that’s all we’ve got time for today.

 

- I’ll see you for the next episode of Study English! bye bye.

 

 

Source: Australia Network

Quảng cáo

Tư vấn và đặt mua thẻ qua điện thoại : 0473053868 (8h-21h)

Luyện thi 123 - Học thú vị - Thi hiệu quả
ĐĂNG PHẢN HỒI CỦA BẠN CHO BÀI HỌC NÀY

Chú ý: Nội dung gửi không nên copy từ Office word

Chèn biểu tượng cảm xúc
Bạn phải đăng nhập để sử dụng chức năng này
CÁC Ý KIẾN BÌNH LUẬN - PHẢN HỒI VỀ BÀI HỌC NÀY
Đăng bởi thành viên Xếp theo
Ngày tham gia: 26-08-2019
Bài viết: 4340
• Điểm thành tích: 760
• Sổ học bạ: Học sinh triển vọng
• Điểm học bạ: 181
No comment.
Gửi lúc: 18:12:02 ngày 26-03-2020
♥ℒℴѵe♥♥♥ℒℴѵe♥♥♥ℒℴѵe♥♥♥ℒℴѵe♥♥♥ℒℴѵe♥♥
Ngày tham gia: 02-07-2019
Bài viết: 1439
• Điểm thành tích: 38
• Sổ học bạ: Hăng say phát biểu
• Điểm học bạ: 139
https://www.tienganh123.com/hat-tieng-anh/23851/3060729 suport cho mình con 10 nha. Thanksn
Gửi lúc: 16:02:57 ngày 10-03-2020
Ngày tham gia: 28-09-2018
Bài viết: 4401
• Điểm thành tích: 2102
• Sổ học bạ: Học sinh ưu tú
• Điểm học bạ: 532
- no comment.
Gửi lúc: 19:41:17 ngày 22-12-2019
rockstar
Ngày tham gia: 16-04-2018
Bài viết: 999
• Điểm thành tích: 48
• Sổ học bạ: Học sinh ưu tú
• Điểm học bạ: 318
nngocvanvo ~ Chào chủ nhà. Contest mà mkmk lập lúc nãy mk lỡ tay xóa rồi. Mk ms lập lại contest mới, nội dung cũng giống vậy. Nếu chủ nhà rảnh thì giới thiệu với nhiều người hơn hộ mình nhé. Link: https://www.tienganh123.com/member/2545074/viewnote/837233. Thank you!nĐược viết lúc: 0000-00-00 00:00:00nn nngocvanvo ~ Chào chủ nhà! Rảnh thì ghé qua gcm của mk nhé. Mk ms lập 1 contest, mong list ủng hộ. :)) https://www.tienganh123.com/member/2545074. À, nếu chủ nhà rảnh thì giới thiệu contest vs nhiều ng dùm mình nhé. Cảm ơn nhiều. ღ Bye! #Ajisai.nĐược viết lúc: 0000-00-00 00:00:00
Gửi lúc: 23:55:16 ngày 28-10-2019
ggggggggggggggggg
Ngày tham gia: 08-06-2017
Bài viết: 170
• Điểm thành tích: 30
• Sổ học bạ: Học sinh triển vọng
• Điểm học bạ: 206
Rất hay :33 Nó thực sự bổ ích cho tôi
Gửi lúc: 14:52:19 ngày 26-08-2019
❤️Cute honggg ai bằng ❤️
Để tra nghĩa một từ, bạn hãy click chuột hai lần vào từ đó.
Tổng đài hỗ trợ trực tuyến
Tel: 024 73 080 123 (8h30-21h)
nghỉ lễ giỗ tổ Hùng Vương 10-3
Mời các bạn click vào đây để tham gia thi đấu tiếng Anh trực tiếp - và click vào đây để tham gia luyện nói qua video chat - 2 tính năng đầy hứng thú và kịch tính mới ra mắt của Tiếng Anh 123.

Giúp bạn giải bài tập các môn

    Video Chat www.abckid.vn Tải tài liệu Tiếng Anh hay miễn phí
    Tổng số thành viên: 3.171.506
    Thành viên mới nhất:
    hwhzzjxotix
    Đang trực tuyến: 215
    Đóng