Unit 72 - English Tenses

Unit 72 - English Tenses

You know the world of English is a fun and exciting place to be. I’m so glad you could join me for another lesson.

Hi everybody, this is Misterduncan in England, how are you today? Are you okay? I hope so! Are you happy? I hope so!

Today’s lesson, we will be taking a look at yet another confusing part of English language.

A part of the language that defines when, in time, something occurred. In this lesson, we will be looking at all the different types of…English tenses.

English tense

The role of tense in English is to show when something was. Is or will be done. When something happened or will happen. The relationship between two or more actions and their placement in time.

The order in which events occurred or will occur. It’s hard to avoid using tense in English. Thus making its existence within the language, hard to ignore. The word tense simply means the position in time of something described. Normally it’s an action.

Simply put- the noun describes the thing, the verb describes what is being done and the tense shows its position and relation to other events or actions. Compared to a fixed point. And that fixed point is…now. All tense is based on a simple intangible structure. That is to say, it cannot be seen or touched, but it does exist. Of course we are talking about… Time

This simplest way to describe time is to show it as an imaginary line. After all, time is described as being linear. It moves forward, in one direction. It is what we call the…timeline. To make understand tense easier, we can place the English tense words in three different places.
The past, which relates to events that have occurred before now.
The present, which is of course,,,now.
The future, which relates to actions and events that may- may not. Or will- will not occur later.

Here is our timeline, showing the past- the present and the future. In this lesson we are going to concentrate on the basic tenses. Those words which express actions from the past, at the present or in the future.

Simple use of tense:

Present tense:

It is, I am, they are, he is, she is. It is possible to show a present action or event without using the word ‘now’. It is raining, I’m tired, they are here, he is busy, she is awake.

Past tense:

It was, I did, I have, they were, he was, she was, it was raining, I did my homework.’ ‘I have done my homework, they were here, he was late, she was my wife.

Future tense:

It will, I will, they will, he will, she will,.  It will rain tomorrow, I will do my homework tonight, they will be here next week, he will see you on Friday, she will call you tomorrow.

Those were simple examples of how the tenses are used. Did you hear that? Even now as I’m speaking, I am using tense. I have used, I am using, and I’m very sure that I will use them again.

So, what’s next?

Well, the next thing to consider is the way in which words change as we express the different tenses. For example- the words ‘walk’, when used as a verb can change, depending on the tense in which it is being used. In the present tense we say ‘walking’. ‘I’m walking to the shops’.

In the past tense we say ‘I walked to the shops’ and in the future tense we can say ‘I will walk to the shops.’ Let take a look at some other verbs and how they are expressed using the different tenses. In the order of present- past- and future.

Verb using…

The present tense, the past tense and future tense

Speaking- spoke- speak. Taking, took, take. Growing- grew- grow. Leaping- leapt- leap. Throwing- threw- throw. Sliding- slid- slide. Bleeding- bled- bleed. Cooking- cooked- cook. Thinking- thought- think. Teaching- taught- teach. Winding- wound- wind.

Within the tense system, there are definite types of present, past and future tense rules. For example, we use the present to mean at this exact moment, but we can also use ‘present’ generally to mean around this time. To describe a trend or a habit that has been and is still occurring. ‘Present perfect’ means that something has been and still is happening.

We can also have ‘past perfect’. Something we did in the past that has ceased to be done, also in the past. Then there is ‘future intention’. Something you will do, or plan to do later. ‘Future simple’- Something you will do from a point in the future.

‘Future perfect’ – something that is occurring now and will still be done in the future. To demonstrate this system, I’m going to use a simple action. Here’s a teapot and here’s a cup. How a nice cup of tea.

Present tense- simple active: He drinks tea five times a week.
Present tense- simple passive: This tea is grown in India.
Present tense- continuous active: I am drinking tea at the moment.
Present tense- continuous passive: The tea is being made by Misterduncan.

Present perfect- simple active:  I have been buying this tea for many years.Present perfect- simple passive: This tea has been bought by Misterduncan for over 3 years.
Present perfect- continuous active: He has been buying that brand of tea for a year.

Past tense- simple active: I bought some new tea last week.
Past tense- simple passive: Tea was introduced to Britain in 1657.
Past tense- continuous active: I was drinking some tea when he arrived.
Past tense- continuous passive: The tea was being brewed when I arrived home late.

Past perfect- simple active: He had already drunk when I arrived.Past perfect- simple passive: The tea was reheated twice before it was poured away.
Past perfect- continuous active: I had been waiting for an hour before the tea finally arrived.

Future intention- continuous active: They are going to visit a tea shop tomorrow.
Future intention- continuous passive: The teas are going to be provided by the event organizers.

Future simple- simple active: The tea shop will open tomorrow.
Future simple- simple passive: The tea bags will be bought later.
Future simple- continuous active: He will be serving (tea) tomorrow at 3.

Future perfect- simple active: I will have completed the tea-making course by the end of next week.
Future perfect- simple passive: The (tea) selection will have been made by tomorrow afternoon.
Future perfect- continuous active: She will have been working here at the tea shop for two years by the end of next month.

It is a fact that most people who speak English as their first language have never learned all of the rules connected to, or concerned with it. In fact if you went up to a native English speaker and asked them what a conjugated verb is, there is a good chance that they will not know. They have gained most of their English skills through simple using it.

What I am saying is that there is no need to remember all of the rules concerning English. It is rather saying that you cannot leave your house unless you know every single law that exists in your country. Or that you cannot drive a car, unless you know how the combustion engine works. Most of those who use English on a daily basis, have picked up the general rules of the spoken language through using it.

Learning the various tenses of English can be picked up over a short space of time. Whether you are a native speaker, or if you are learning it as a second language. As I always say- ‘experience is the best teacher’. From that it would be fair to say that there is no better way of learning something than to simply do it.

Well, that is all I have time for today. I hope that you have enjoyed today’s lesson and that you will join me again in the near future for another one. This is Misterduncan in England saying, right here- right now thank you for watching me- teaching you. And of course, ta-ta for now.

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Sentence explanation:

1.That is to say, it cannot be seen or touched, but it does exist. .

That is to say: Thường được dùng để giải thích, nói rõ hơn, bổ sung cho một ý nào đó trước đó: Nói cách khác, điều đó có nghĩa là.

Does: Ta thường bắt gặp trợ động từ do, does, did...trong câu phủ định hoặc nghi vẫn nhưng trong một số trường hợp ta cũng thấy các trợ động từ này trong câu khẳng định. Để nhấn mạnh, khẳn định động từ đi sau nó. Câu trên là một ví dụ. Hay 'I do love you' (Thực sự anh rất yêu em)

=> Nghĩa là, chúng ta không thể nhìn thấy, không thể chạm vào nó, nhưng nó có tồn tại.

2. It is a fact that most people who speak English as their first language have never learned all of the rules connected to, or concerned with it.

It's a fact that...: thực tế là...

First language: ngôn ngữ thứ nhất, ngôn ngữ bản địa, ngôn ngữ mẹ đẻ. Second language: Ngôn ngữ thứ hai: Không phải là ngôn ngữ mẹ đẻ nhưng được dùng rộng rãi trong công việc và ở trường học.

Connected to: Có liên quan đến, có mối liên hệ

Concerned with: Có liên quan đến.

=> Có một thực tế là hầu hết những người nói tiếng Anh như ngôn ngữ thứ nhất cũng chưa học hết những quy tắc liên quan về thì như thế này.

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You are beutiful as the moon light~
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Đơn giản chỉ là cày bài viết !
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_ Perfect _
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Change ~
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Đơn giản chỉ là cày bài viết (:
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