Bài 14: Câu điều kiện - phần 2 (Conditionals - part 2)

Conditionals, part 2


Do you ever get an odd sound in your ears?

It's like a ringing sound

Some people believe that if your ears ring, someone is talking about you.

Do you believe it?

It’s just superstition

But we’re going to use this example to review what we learned in the first lesson on conditionals

Now, conditionals are “if” statements

We have noted though that not all conditionals are made with “if”

But it’s the most common way to make conditionals

These "if" statements have two parts: There is a condition and a result

You cannot have a result without condition

Taking an example, if your ears ring, someone is talking about you

“Someone is talking about you” is the result

The condition, “if your ears ring”

Now these two parts are clauses can change places in the sentence

And the meaning doesn’t change

So we can also say “Someone is talking about you if your ears ring”

We also noted that we use a comma when we write

Only when we put the “if” clause first in the sentence

Ok, also what is important to understand or remember is verb tenses

In the first lesson, we looked at real conditionals or factual conditionals

And that was when we use present tense in both clauses

"If your ears ring". "ring" – simple present

“Someone is talking about you” – the present progressive

So by present tense, I mean simple present, present progressive and we also noted that you can use modals

I want to add to that list imperatives

For example, here is another superstition

"If your left hand itches, scratch it on wood for good luck"

You can believe that one or not

I also want to explain right now

That with our factual conditionals in the present

“If” can be replaced by “when”

So, talking our original superstition, if your ears ring, someone is talking about you

I can replace, “if “with “when”

When your ears ring, someone is talking about you

Can also say “whenever”

Whenever your ears ring, someone is talking about you

So substiuting “if” with “when” or “whenever” is possible only with these factual conditionals

And by factual again, I've reviewed in lesson one

That we mean general truths, facts, common events and habits

Right now, in lesson two we’re going to move on to a new type of conditional.

Still factual but moving to the future

Here's an example, mirror, now what happens if I break it

Do you know? Seven years of bad luck

If you break a mirror, you’ll have seven years of bad luck

What do you notice now?

In the first clause, the if – clause, I said, “if you break a mirror” even though I’m talking the future

I still use the simple present. “If you break a mirror”

But now in the result clause, “you’ll have seven years of bad luck”

I’m using a future tense

So in these factual conditionals that refer to the future. We’re going to use in the result clause of future tense and that could be “will” or “going to”

So let’s review what we have learned so far

On your screen, you’re going to see a sentence.

Each sentence is superstition

I’m going to take out the verbs from these sentences. And I want you to read them putting the verbs back in the correct tense

We will do the first one together as an example. Ok? So here’s sentence one

Take a moment and read it to yourself. And then I’ll tell you the answer

Answer: you‘ll have seven years of bad luck if you break a mirror

Ok. So, remember as we make these factual conditionals in the future, we use simple present in the IF-clause

And the future tense "will" or “going to” in the result clause

So now, I want you to try the number two on your own

Read the sentence and then you’ll hear the answer

If you walk under a ladder, you’ll have bad luck

Three, you’re going to get angry if your nose itches

Four, you’ll have good luck if you find a four- leaf clover

Five, you won’t get married if you sit at the corner of a table

Ok, so in factual conditionals referring to the future, we said that we use the simple present in the IF- clause

And then in the result clause, we use future tense “will or going to”

I want to add to that list now in the result clause we can also use imperatives

Now, these are lucky charms

Here's the crystal, a sign, a lucky penny and a little statue

Don’t be surprised if a lucky charm actually brings you luck

Now, we can also use modals so in the result clause now

We've talked about will, going to, imperatives

And now I’m going to tell you also use modal

Example, here's s a rabbit. Here's the rabbit’s foot

Do you know anything about rabbit’s feet?

You can increase your luck if you carry a rabbit’s foot

You can increase your luck if you carry a rabbit’s foot

So let’s summary. We've been dealing with factual conditionals in the future

The result is certain or likely to happen in the future

Keep the conditionals in the simple present

The result clause can have will, going to, the imperative, and modal

So now, a good exercise for you is to write 2 – 3 superstitions. Think about what people have told you

Think about common beliefs in your own culture

You don’t have to believe them yourself but you do have to be able to write them as factual conditionals in the future

All right. Check back here and we have some more lessons in conditionals

Good luck, happy studies!


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