Bài 13: Câu điều kiện - phần 1 (Conditionals - part 1)


How well do you know yourself?

I’d like you to take the quiz to find out a little bit about the kind of person you are?

There are six questions

We'ill read the question together and I want you to think about your answer to each one

Ok, one, If you see a large insect in the house, do you scream?

Two, if you have friends over for dinner, do you cook most of the food or order from a restaurant?

Three, if you have a lot of work, do you do it right away or leave most of it for the next day?

Four, do you keep a secret if a friend asks you to?

Five: Do you laugh if you make a silly mistake?

Six: if you have a choice, what kind of movie do you prefer to watch?

Ok, so now let’s compare answers and see how similar we are, in term of personalities?

This is my answers

One, If I see a large insect, I scream

Two, if you have friends over for dinner, I like to cook most of the food myself

Three, if you have a lot of work. I try to do most of it the same day

Four, I keep the secret if the friends ask me to

Five I usually laugh if I make a silly mistake

Six If I have a choice, I prefer to watch the comedy, sometimes I watch the sad movie for a good cry but usually I prefer the comedy

Now you’re paying closer attention. You know it that both in the question and in the answer, we may use the word “if

Statements with the word “if” are called conditionals

Conditionals” comes from the word “condition

And the statements we have two parts: The condition and the result

The result can not exit without the condition

So first we have the condition, then you get the result

For example," if I see a bug, I scream". I’m not going to scream, and that here the bug

Get it?

So you have the condition, you get the result

So here is two statements from my quizzes

This is my answers

"If I see a large insect in the house, I scream"

"I laugh if I make a silly mistake"

We said the conditionals have two parts: the condition and the result

So, let’s find those parts in the two statements

"If I see a large insect in the house" - part one. "I scream" - part 2

Which is the result?, "screaming"

So, screaming will not take place or can not happen without the condition

There must be the condition for the result

Down here, "I laugh if I make a silly mistake"

Here is one part “I laugh”

The other part is introduced by “if

If introduces the condition

So, making a silly mistake leads the laughter

Now the two parts actually have name in grammar

We call them clauses

And a clause is a group of word has a subject and a verb

So a clause has a subject and a verb

Example, down here. "If I see a large insect" is clause one, subject “I”, verb “see

Here is clause two “I" and "scream”, subject and verb

Now, there are independent and dependent clauses

And if we come back, let’s see again

"If I see a large insect, I scream"

The independent clause here is “I scream” because this thought is complete. It can stand on its own and make sense

The first clause “if I see a large insect”, it makes sense but only the first part of the whole sentence

That’s why is dependent clause

This clause is dependent on what follow “I scream”

I’m only pointing the thing out because it’s important to understand that conditionals have two clauses and the clauses can change places

It can come first in the sentence. It can take the second position in the sentence

So either it’s dependent or independent clauses can begin this conditional statements

Make sense?

Ok, let’s raise your head for result

We know the types of clauses, we know the order, we know that the clauses can be independent and dependent

The “if – clause” is the dependent clause

And it come first or the second in the sentence

"I laugh if I make a silly mistake"

Did you know it that “if” come in the second in the sentence, we do not need a comma

We only need the comma when we put the “if – clause” first

Note that again

So here we have “if” becoming first and here it comes second

When we write we need a comma because the “if clause” is coming first in the statement

If we are only speaking then you hear a pause

"If I see a large insect in the house, I scream"

Down here, you don’t need a comma and you want to like hear a pause

"I laugh if I make a silly mistake"

Now let’s pay attention to the verb tenses that we’re using here

By using present tense verbs in both clauses, we make conditional statements to show

Fact, for example, "if you cut your finger, you bleed"

General truths. "If you exercise regularly, you feel better"

Habits. "If I order tea, I ask for milk and sugar"

Common events. "If it rains hard, there is flooding in this area"

It’s important to note that all of the examples have been real situations

So using the present tense in both clauses expresses a real situation

We can call these statements: Factual conditionals or real conditionals

Other verb forms

So note that when I say the present tense it does not just mean simple present

You can use other verb forms

For example, "if I’m studying, I don’t answer the phone"

This is the present progressive and showing the habit

"If you watch my lessons, you can learn a lot"

Can is the modal

So we can also use the modals in this statement to show the real situations

Here “can” is expressing a possibility

So, let’s review now

On the screen, you see five beginnings to find the statements

I’ll tell you an ending, you tell me which statement is complete

For example, if I say “It becomes dry”. You tell me that the complete statement – Two

"If you cook meat for too long, it become dry"

Here's another one

"If you lose", complete statement - three

"You should ask for directions if you lose"

Next one, if your boss is talking to you, if your boss is talking to you. Complete statement – five

"You should listen if your boss is talking to you"

Another one, I can’t concentrate, I can’t concentrate. Complete, statement one

"If I’m tired, I can’t concentrate"

And the last. I try to help. I try to help. Complete statement, number four

"If I see someone in need, I try to help"

If you looking for more practices, go back the beginning of the lesson and answer six questions from the quizz's and four sentences

You also try adding 2 – 3 of your own question

All right, I hope this first lesson has been helpful to you

Please, be sure to check out the other lessons that I put on Youtube for conditionals. Ok, all right, happy studies!

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