Unit 21

Question 1 : What is the difference between ‘on time’ and ‘in time’?
Question 2: How can I speak English if I only learn to read and write in it?
Question 3: When do we use the abbreviation V-I-P and what does it relate to?

Unit 21



Hi everybody, this is Misterduncan in England. How are you today? Are you ok? I hope so! Are you happy? I hope so!

It’s been a long time since I last did this, but as we say in English, “absence makes the heart grow fonder”.

Yes I’m back again with another question and answer session, just for you…
Another selection of your e-mails, comments and questions await, so without any more… digressing, let’s have our first question for today!

What is the difference between ‘on time’ and ‘in time’?

This question was sent in by Sergey, who lives in Latvia.
The difference between ‘on time’ and ‘in time’ is well defined.
We use ‘on time’ to show that something has happened or occurred at the time it should have.
‘The bus was on time.’
‘I was on time for my job interview.’
‘I hope you will arrive at my house on time.’
When we say ‘in time’, we are expressing something that occurred within the time limit or deadline.
The event happened before it was too late.
‘I did not miss my bus because I got to the bus stop in time.’
This means that I arrived at the bus stop before the bus came.
I got there in time. I was within the time limit.
It is worth noting that there is no ‘off time’.
The opposite of ‘on time’ is ‘late’.

How can I speak English if I only learn to read and write in it?

This question comes from Emmanuel Stanslaus, who lives in Tanzania.
Believe or not, this is a very common situation. When English is being taught, there is normally an order in which the language is presented.

Usually the first stage is to teach the students how to read English words. Then they are taught how to write using the language. Quite often the writing and reading is taught within the same period of time. Students will be asked to read books and copy from the blackboard. As time goes by, the students should be able to attain a fairly clear understanding of basic English word definitions and grammar. However when it comes to actually speaking English, there may be problems. You must first get used to speaking out loud and listening to the sound of your own voice. The biggest problem facing you will be building your confidence. Speaking a new language takes time and patience.
It is often seen as the final part of learning any second language, especially in schools.

This is the reason why video lessons such as mine are so helpful to those learning English. The words on the screen and the sound of my voice give a clear reference allowing those watching to learn as they repeatedly play the videos, again and again.

Speaking is a bit like performing and just like any performance, the more you practice it, the better you will become at doing it. To learn any manual skill you must first watch, and to speak out loud you must first listen. There are many ways of listening to English being spoken. DVD’s allow you to see one language, while listening to another and as I have already mentioned, the Internet offers you many opportunities to hear English being spoken by many different people all over the world. Thank you Emmanuel for your question and a big hello to all those watching in Tanzania.

It’s that time again?

Boys and girls, lads and lasses, madams and messieurs, ladies and gentlemen, and those still unsure. It’s the moment they all said would never happen again. They said it was  a ‘one-off’, an event never to be repeated but they was so wrong!
It’s the word of the week.

This week’s word is appraise

This word is a verb and means to work out the monetary value of something or to decide how useful someone or something is. You decide on the suitability of a person for a job. You appraise something or someone. You give your appraisal. You make an appraisal. Synomyms of ‘appraise’ include, assess, evaluate, judge, review, consider and weigh up.

When do we use the abbreviation V-I-P and what does it relate to?

This question was sent in by Abdul Memon in Pakistan.
The abbreviation V-I-P stands for “very important person”.
It is usually used to describe a special or important guest. The president of a country is a V-I-P. A representative from a country can also be a V-I-P. These days we tend to use VIP to describe anything connected with or related to something important. A V-I-P car is a car carrying someone of importance. This can be a Politician, a famous person, your grandmother, or even your pet cat. So these days V-I-P can also be used to anything directly or indirectly connected with someone who is considered as being important.
Does that mean I’m a V-I-P?
Probably not.

That is all from me today! This is Misterduncan saying thank you for watching me, answering you and of course… Ta ta for now.

Download video (WMV)|https://download.tienganh123.com/duncan/2-ask/bai21/bai21-video.zip
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Download cả bài và phần dịch (PDF)|https://download.tienganh123.com/duncan/2-ask/bai21/bai21-duncan-pdf.pdf

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