Bài 35: Dạng so sánh hơn kém cho tính từ (The comparative form for adjectives)

He is taller than me.

The comparative form for adjectives


The comparative form for adjectives show the difference between two things.

For example, I have two tomatoes.

This is a big tomato and this is a small tomato.

To describe the difference between the two tomatoes I can say this tomato is bigger.

This tomato is smaller. I can also say that : This tomato is bigger than this cherry tomato.

Or I can say  this tomato is smaller than this other tomato.

I have two cameras. This camera is cheap. I paid maybe 20 dollars for the camera 6 years ago.

And this camera is expensive , I paid about 400 dollars for the camera.

To show the difference between the two cameras I can use the word “ cheap” or the word “expensive”.

The word “cheap” has only one syllable: cheap. One syllable words in the comparative form add the “er”: cheaper.

Expensive has three syllables: ex.pen.sive.

With words there are three syllables or longer, you have to use the word “more”: more expensive.

It’s not possible to use “more” with the one syllable word.

You can’t say “more cheap”. And you really should not say “more cheaper” although sometimes you hear that in American English.

Many Americans make the mistates with the comparative form. So cheap becomes cheaper, expensive becomes more expensive.

And remember that frequently when making a sentence , after the comparative you use the word “than” but not always.

This camera is more expensive than this camera. Or I can say that : this camera is cheaper than this camera.

Rules for the comparative form:

There are three posibilities that an adjective can take in the comparative form.

If there’s just one syllable for example big or small.

Or I can use old, then you add the “er” and a word like big because the “i” – vowel in front of  the consonant  at the end,

we have to double the consonant: big becomes bigger using two “g”.

Noisy is two syllables but it ends in the “y”. So to make comparative form you have to change the “y” to an “i” and the sound  like this: noisy-noisier, busy-busier

Two syllable words not ending in”y” use “more” before the adjective.

On  the words there are two syllables or more such as interesting or add ‘more” at the beginning of the word: more interesting.

And remember frequently the word “than” was followed words in comparative form. So older than , noisier than, more interesting than.

Some irregular adjectives don’t follow these rules.

There are also some irregular adjectives that don’t follow these examples.

Word like good in comparative form is better.

This movie is better than the one we saw last week.

And the word bad in the comparative form is worse

A hamburger is worse for you than a salad.

And of course there’re always exception  to the rules that I've just explained.

A word like fun is only one syllable. But you can say funner, you say more fun and add with everything else, American will break the rules and say what ever they wanna say.

So you will hear some people say funner and you will hear people say more big and bigger.

But these are the basic rules for comparative form.

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